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钢板桩施工流程百科

铝扣板吊顶施工工艺主要流程

2019-03-01 14:09:46

铝扣板因其耐用性和简便性被广泛用于住宅吊顶中,特别适用于厨房和卫生间。铝扣板吊顶和集成吊顶类似却又有不同,简略来说,集成吊顶包含铝扣板和顶上的电器。已然铝扣板吊顶如此受欢迎,那就跟从小编...    铝扣板因其耐用性和简便性被广泛用于住宅吊顶中,特别适用于厨房和卫生间。铝扣板吊顶和集成吊顶类似却又有不同,简略来说,集成吊顶包含铝扣板和顶上的电器。已然铝扣板吊顶如此受欢迎,那就跟从小编一起来了解一下铝扣板吊顶施工工艺的首要流程吧。    一、施工预备    铝合金方板板材、龙骨、吊杆等材料    冲击钻、无齿锯、钢锯、射钉、螺丝刀、吊线锤、角尺等施工东西    首要材料    二、底层弹线    预备好根本材料之后,首要咱们要根据装饰楼层的标高水平线,依照规划好的标高,找出所装饰房间的中心点,并沿着整个顶棚的标高水平,以房间的中心点为中心在墙上画好龙骨的分档方位线。    底层弹线    三、装置主龙骨吊顶    在画好顶棚标高线及龙骨的分档方位线后,咱们开端断定吊杆下端的标高,然后装置现已加工好的吊顶,吊顶装置需求用帕膨胀螺栓固定在顶棚上。    四、装置主龙骨    主龙骨一般选用C38轻钢龙骨,距离控制在1200mm范围内,装置时选用与主龙骨配套的吊顶与吊杆衔接。    主龙骨    五、装置边龙骨    依照天花板净高要求在墙四周用水泥钉固定25*25mm烤漆龙骨,水泥钉距离不大于300mm.    六、装置次龙骨    次龙骨经过吊挂件吊挂在主龙骨上,当次龙骨长度需多根连续接长时,用次龙骨衔接件,在吊挂次龙骨的一起,将相对端头相衔接,并先调直后固定。    次龙骨    七、装置金属板    主龙骨、边龙骨、次龙骨装置好后,咱们需求在装置面积的中间方位沿着笔直次龙骨的方向设置好一条基准线,然后对齐好基准线分别向两头装置。装置的过程中留意轻拿轻放,一起有必要顺着翻边部位依照次序将方板的两头悄悄压住,卡进龙骨后再推紧。    装置金属板    八、整理    铝扣板装置完后,需用布把板面悉数擦洗洁净,不得有污物及手印等。    九、吊顶工程检验时应查看下列文件和记载    1、吊顶工程的施工图、规划说明及其他规划文件    2、材料的产品合格证书、功能检测陈述、出场检验记载和复验陈述    3、荫蔽工程检验记载    4、施工记载    看完介绍,信任我们对铝扣板装置有了一些简略的了解。较后,小编不得不提示我们,铝扣板的施工一定要严厉依照施工工艺规矩来进行,细心谨慎的按过程一步一步来,以确保铝扣板正确的装置,祝我们都有一个安全又舒适的寓居环境。

安装铝合金窗规范施工流程

2019-01-11 15:44:00

铝合金表面经过氧化光洁闪亮。窗扇框架大,可镶较大面积的玻璃,让室内光线充足明亮,增强了室内外之间立面虚实对比,让居室更富有层次。铝合金本身易于挤压,型材的横断面尺寸准确,加工准确度高。因此在装修中很多业主都选择采用铝合金门窗,下面将向大家介绍铝合金门窗安装的规范流程。    安装流程:划线定位→铝合金门窗披水安装→防腐处理→铝合金门窗的安装就位→铝合金窗固定→门窗框与墙体间隙的处理→门窗扇及门窗玻璃的安装→安装五金配件。    1.划线定位    (1)根据设计图纸中门窗的安装位置、尺寸和标高,依据门窗中线向两边量出门窗边线。若为多层或高层建筑时,以顶层门窗边线为准,用线坠或经纬仪将门窗边线下引,并在各层门窗口处划线标记,对个别不直的口边应剔凿处理。    (2)门窗的水平位置应以楼层室内+50cm的水平线为准向上反量出窗下皮标高,弹线找直。每一层必须保持窗下皮标高一致。    2.铝合金窗披水安装    按施工图纸要求将披水固定在铝合金窗上,且要保证位置正确、安装牢固。    3.防腐处理    (1)门窗框四周外表面的防腐处理设计有要求时,按设计要求处理。如果设计没有要求时,可涂刷防腐涂料或粘贴塑料薄膜进行保护,以免水泥砂浆直接与铝合金门窗表面接触,产生电化学反应,腐蚀铝合金门窗。    (2)安装铝合金门窗时,如果采用连接铁件固定,则连接铁件,固定件等安装用金属零件较好用不锈钢件。否则必须进行防腐处理,以免产生电化学反应,腐蚀铝合金门窗。    4.铝合金门窗的安装就位    根据划好的门窗定位线,安装铝合金门窗框。并及时调整好门窗框的水平、垂直及对角线长度等符合质量标准,然后用木楔临时固定。    5.铝合金门窗的固定    (1)当墙体上预埋有铁件时,可直接把铝合金门窗的铁脚直接与墙体上的预埋铁件焊牢,焊接处需做防锈处理。    (2)当墙体上没有预埋铁件时,可用金属膨胀螺栓或塑料膨胀螺栓将铝合金门窗的铁脚固定到墙上。    (3)当墙体上没有预埋铁件时,也可用电钻在墙上打80mm深、直径为6mm的孔,用L型80mm×50mm的6rmn钢筋。在长的一端粘涂108胶水泥浆,然后打入孔中。待108胶水泥浆终凝后,再将铝合金门窗的铁脚与埋置的6mm钢筋焊牢。    6.门窗框与墙体间缝隙间的处理    (1)铝合金门窗安装固定后,应先进行隐蔽工程验收,合格后及时按设计要求处理门窗框与墙体之间的缝隙。    (2)如果设计未要求时,可采用弹性保温材料或玻璃棉毡条分层填塞缝隙,外表面留5~8mm深槽口填嵌嵌缝油膏或密封胶。    7.门窗扇及门窗玻璃的安装    (1)门窗扇和门窗玻璃应在洞口墙体表面装饰完工验收后安装。    (2)推拉门窗在门窗框安装固定后,将配好玻璃的门窗扇整体安入框内滑槽,调整好与扇的缝隙即可。    (3)平开门窗在框与扇格架组装上墙、安装固定好后再安玻璃,即先调。

铝单板幕墙施工工艺流程

2018-12-24 09:27:28

铝单板幕墙施工工艺流程,铝单板幕墙的工艺也是非常重要的,所以了解铝单板幕墙施工工艺流程是非常有必要的,只有做到心中有数才能更好的装饰,为了大家能够更方便的了解,小编在此为大家准备了相关知识。    (1)根据同一水平高度装好收边角。    (2)按照合适的间距吊装轻钢龙骨(38或50的龙骨),一般间距1-1.2米,吊杆距离按轻钢龙骨的规定分布。    (3)把预装在扣板龙骨上的吊件,连同扣板龙骨紧贴轻钢龙骨成垂直方向扣在轻钢龙骨下面,扣板龙骨间距根据板型大小来确定,全部装完后必须调整至水平。    (4)将铝扣板顺序扣在龙骨上,每扣完一件,将倒锁片压下,龙骨连接时用连接件接驳。    (5)板面安装时必须带手套,如不慎留下指印或污渍,可用洗洁精清洗并抹干。    为减少玻璃幕墙的眩光和辐射热,宜采用低辐射率镀膜玻璃。因镀膜玻璃的金属镀膜层易氧化,不宜单层使用,只能用于中空和夹层玻璃的内侧。它可以有效降低能耗,节约能源,使建筑物通透,突出自然采光,是目前先进的绿色环保。

镀铝钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

aluminium coated sheet    一种将纯铝或含硅5%~10%的铝合金镀在碳钢板上制成的表面处理钢板。   镀铝钢板生产方法有热镀法、电泳法和真空蒸镀法。热镀法应用最广,因其比较经济。电泳法是将铝粉用电泳的方法均匀地镀覆在钢板表面,经小变形量的轧制使其相互紧密结合,再经500~700℃烧结处理。真空蒸镀法是在低温、真空度为0.0133Pa下进行的,其铝膜纯度高、致密,无针孔,因此耐蚀性能好。   镀铝钢板具有良好的抗高温氧化性,可在450℃下长期使用而不变色,最高使用温度可达750℃。还具有优异的耐大气腐蚀性,特别是能耐含SO2,H2S,CO2等工业大气的腐蚀,是镀锌钢板耐蚀性的3~6倍。多用于汽车排气系统、耐热器具、建筑材料等。 镀铝钢板的性质  镀铝板其价格为不锈钢的三分之一,是降低成本的好材料.  镀铝钢板可广泛用于:  汽车工业:消声器、排气管、油箱、隔热罩、反应器部件和歧管罩等。  建筑、农用矿山机械:柴油机消声器和隔热罩、剪草机和其它园林机械消声器等。  家用产品:烤箱、微波炉、电饭煲、多功能煲、慢炖锅、烤面包机、电热水器、电热水瓶、消毒柜、空调机、热交换器、电暧器、灯饰等。  厨房用具:煎锅、烧水壶、烤盘等。  户外产品:烧烤炉、炭炉、集/排烟口、烟窗。  因为镀铝钢板具有如下特点:  1、镀铝钢板具有极佳的耐高温性(550度)。  2、镀铝钢板可反射80%的入射热量。  3、镀铝钢板的机械强度与其基材的机械强度一致。  4、镀铝钢板对化学腐蚀有极强的耐蚀性。  5、可进行拉伸、冲压、拉管等成形加工。  6、可用标准 MAG 和TIG 焊接加工。  7、可直接接触食物。

厚钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

厚钢板是指厚度大于3毫米的钢板。厚钢板分为特厚钢板和中厚钢板。特厚钢板是指厚度不小于50毫米的钢板。特厚钢板主要用于造船、锅炉、桥梁和高压容器壳体等。中厚钢板是指厚度大于3毫米、小于5O毫米的钢板。中厚钢板主要用于造船、锅炉、桥梁、装甲和高压容器壳体等。       中厚钢板:厚度大于4mm的钢板属于中厚钢板。其中,厚度4.5-25.0mm的钢板称为中厚板, 厚度25.0-100.0mm的称为厚板,厚度超过100.0mm的为特厚板。     中厚板主要用途有哪些?     答:建筑工程、机械制造、容器制造、造船、桥梁等。     普通中厚板用途:广泛用来制造各种容器、炉壳、炉板、桥梁及汽车静钢钢板、低合金钢钢板、桥梁用钢板、造般钢板、锅炉钢板、压力容器钢板、花纹钢板、汽车大梁钢板、拖拉机某些零件及焊接构件。     桥梁用钢板用于大型铁路桥梁。要求承受动载荷、冲击、震动、耐蚀等。     造船钢板:用于制造海洋及内河船舶船体。要求强度高、塑性、韧性、冷弯性能、焊接性能、耐蚀性能都好。     锅炉钢板:用于制造各种锅炉及重要附件,由于锅炉钢板处于中温(350°C以下)高压状态下工作,除承受较高压力外,还受到冲击,疲劳载荷及水和气腐蚀,要求保证一定强度,还要有良好的焊接及冷弯性能。     压力容器用钢板:主要用于制造石油、化工气体分离和气体储运的压力容器或其它类似设备,一般工作压力在常压到320kg/cm2甚至到630kg/cm2,温度在-20-450°C范围内工作,要求容器钢板除具有一定强度和良好塑性和韧性外,还必须有较好冷弯和焊接性能。     汽车大梁钢,用于制造汽车大梁(纵梁、横梁)用厚度为2.5-12.0mm的低合金热轧钢板。由汽车大梁形状复杂,除要求较高强度和冷弯性能外,要求冲压性能好。1、按品质分类(1) 普通钢(P≤0.045%,S≤0.050%)(2) 优质钢(P、S均≤0.035%)(3) 高级优质钢(P≤0.035%,S≤0.030%)2.、按化学成份分类(1) 碳素钢:a.低碳钢(C≤0.25%);b.中碳钢(C≤0.25~0.60%);c.高碳钢(C≤0.60%)。(2) 合金钢:a.低合金钢(合金元素总含量≤5%);b.中合金钢(合金元素总含量>5~10%);c.高合金钢(合金元素总含量>10%)。3、按成形方法分类:(1) 锻钢;(2) 铸钢;(3) 热轧钢;(4) 冷拉钢。4、按金相组织分类(1) 退火状态的:a.亚共析钢(铁素体+珠光体);b.共析钢(珠光体);c.过共析钢(珠光体+渗碳体);d.莱氏体钢(珠光体+渗碳体)。(2) 正火状态的:a.珠光体钢;b.贝氏体钢;c.马氏体钢;d.奥氏体钢。(3) 无相变或部分发生相变的5、按用途分类(1) 建筑及工程用钢:a.普通碳素结构钢;b.低合金结构钢;c.钢筋钢。(2) 结构钢a.机械制造用钢:(a)调质结构钢;(b)表面硬化结构钢:包括渗碳钢、渗钢、表面淬火用钢;(c)易切结构钢;(d)冷塑性成形用钢:包括冷冲压用钢、冷镦用钢。b.弹簧钢c.轴承钢(3) 工具钢:a.碳素工具钢;b.合金工具钢;c.高速工具钢。(4) 特殊性能钢:a.不锈耐酸钢;b.耐热钢:包括抗氧化钢、热强钢、气阀钢;c.电热合金钢;d.耐磨钢;e.低温用钢;f.电工用钢。(5) 专业用钢——如桥梁用钢、船舶用钢、锅炉用钢、压力容器用钢、农机用钢等。6、综合分类(1)普通钢a.碳素结构钢:(a) Q195;(b) Q215(A、B);(c) Q235(A、B、C);(d) Q255(A、B);(e) Q275。b.低合金结构钢c.特定用途的普通结构钢(2)优质钢(包括高级优质钢)a.结构钢:(a)优质碳素结构钢;(b)合金结构钢;(c)弹簧钢;(d)易切钢;(e)轴承钢;(f)特定用途优质结构钢。b.工具钢:(a)碳素工具钢;(b)合金工具钢;(c)高速工具钢。c.特殊性能钢:(a)不锈耐酸钢;(b)耐热钢;(c)电热合金钢;(d)电工用钢;(e)高锰耐磨钢。7、按冶炼方法分类(1) 按炉种分a.平炉钢:(a)酸性平炉钢;(b)碱性平炉钢。b.转炉钢:(a)酸性转炉钢;(b)碱性转炉钢。或 (a)底吹转炉钢;(b)侧吹转炉钢;(c)顶吹转炉钢。c. 电炉钢:(a)电弧炉钢;(b)电渣炉钢;(c)感应炉钢;(d)真空自耗炉钢;(e)电子束炉钢。(2)按脱氧程度和浇注制度分a.沸腾钢;b.半镇静钢;c.镇静钢;d.特殊镇静钢。

在高层建筑施工中全铝合金模板的现场施工流程

2018-12-29 13:37:12

1)模板安装原则: “先墙柱,后梁板”“先内墙,后外墙”“先非标准板,后标准板”。     2)模板安装工艺流程: 施工准备→测量放线→墙、柱钢筋绑扎→各专业预留、预埋→隐蔽验收→墙、柱模板安装→顶板模板安装→模板校正加固→顶板钢筋绑扎→各专业预留、预埋→隐蔽验收→混凝土浇筑→模板拆除、倒运至上一层。     3)墙、柱模板安装。按照编号对墙、柱模板进行拼装,清理并涂饰专用隔离剂。根据放线位置及拼装图将墙、柱安装在对应的位置,复核柱脚混凝土标高后,用穿墙对拉钢片及高强螺栓,用销钉将柱模板与踢脚板、柱模及墙面固定。安装完成后检查其垂直度以满足设计构件尺寸要求。     4)梁、板模板安装。根据拼装图纸及编号进行顶板模板安装。将梁底模支撑在柱模板预留的梁缺口上,梁底支撑立杆随底模安装,通过立杆底托调整梁底板标高。随后安装侧模及墙、柱、板之间的角模。安装完成后安装板横梁、板模板及支撑。全部安装完成后,进行模板校正固定。     5)门窗及楼梯模板安装。门窗洞口及楼梯模板安装严格按照拼装图纸进行。     6)混凝土浇筑。模板安装完成后,统一进行检查校正加固。隐蔽工程验收后进行混凝土浇筑。混凝土浇筑时要设专人检查模板,避免模板配件松动或滑落引起模板下沉或胀模等现象。     7)模板拆除、倒运。以同条件试块试验为准,严格控制混凝土的拆模时间,以保证模板拆除后混凝土构件不掉角、不起皮。梁板模板的早拆头及立杆支撑需混凝土强度达到100% 时方可拆除。模板拆除顺序: 墙模拆除→顶板模板( 除支撑杆外) 拆除→顶板混凝土强度达到100%后拆除支撑杆。模板拆除时要注意先均匀撬松,然后再进行拆除作业。拆除的模板要及时进行清理,并按照顺序堆放,模板配件要集中堆放,以便有效的周转使用。模板倒运由楼板上预留的传料口由人工倒运至上一层。     8)模板拆除时的注意事项。拆除前应架设工作平台以保证安全,至少要两人协同工作。顶模的拆除必须等混凝土强度达到早拆条件,拆除顶模时须逐渐传递下来,切不可把销子和楔子全部取下,再拆除一整面模板。拆模过程中如发现混凝土有粘模等现象,要暂停拆除,分析原因。拆下的铝板应立即用刮刀铲除铝板上污物,并及时刷涂脱模剂。施工过程中弯曲变形的铝模板应及时运到加工场进行校正。拆下的配件要及时清理、清点,转移至相应的操作层内。拆下的铝模通过预留传递孔或楼板孔洞传运至上层; 零散的配件通过楼梯搬运。

在高层建筑施工中全铝合金模板的施工工艺流程

2018-12-29 13:37:12

1 、加工流程     核对图纸、制定配模方案→加工制作→工厂试拼装→编号→运抵现场。     2 、施工流程     施工流程如下:墙柱钢筋隐蔽验收→支墙柱模板→穿对拉钢片加固墙柱模板→支顶模板→顶板钢筋、水电施工及隐蔽验收→墙柱、顶板混凝土一次浇筑→拆墙模板倒运至上一层支设→拆顶模板( 保留支撑杆不动) →倒运上一层支设→混凝土强度100% 后拆支撑杆倒至上上一层。

锅炉钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

锅炉钢板主要是指用来制造过热器、主蒸汽管和锅炉火室受热面用的热轧中厚板材料,主要材质有优质结构钢及低合金耐热钢,常用的锅炉钢有平炉冶炼的低碳镇静钢或电炉冶炼的低碳钢,含碳量Wc在0.16%-0.26%范围内。由于锅炉钢板处于中温(350ºC以下)高压状态下工作,除承受较高压力外,还受到冲击,疲劳载荷及水和气的腐蚀,对锅炉钢的性能要求主要是有良好的焊接及冷弯性能、一定的高温强度和耐碱性腐蚀、耐氧化等。    锅炉及压力容器用板主要钢号及执行标准    (1)锅炉板主要钢号有:20g、16Mng、15CrMoVg、19Mng、22Mng    (2)压力容器用板主要钢号有:20R、16MnR、15MnNbR、15MnVNR    (3)执行标准:GB713-1997、GB6654-1996    锅炉及压力容器用板的主要用途    锅炉钢板广泛应用于石油、化工、电站、锅炉等行业,用于制作反应器、换热器、分离器、球罐、油气罐、液化气罐、核能反应堆压力壳、锅炉汽包、液化瓶、水电站高压水管、水轮涡壳等设备及构件 锅炉钢板是锅炉制造中非常关键的材料之一。超临界火电机组锅炉的发展,对锅炉钢板的性能提出了更高的要求。锅炉新材料的应用是由材料标准作为载体而实施的。对比分析我国标准与美国ASME 材料标准之间存在的差距,制定适合我国火电机组发展的先进的锅炉钢板标准,应是发展方向。关键词: 锅炉钢板;性能;标准;ASME; 超临界中图分类号: TG335. 5  文献标识码:B  文章编号: 1003 -0514(2005)04 -0037 -05  The comparison and development of the standard of Chinese and American boiler plate  ZHANG Xian( Babcock & Wilcox Beijing Company , Beijing 100001 , China )HUANG Ying( China Metallurgical Information & Standardization Research Institute , Beijing 100730 , China ) Abstract : Boiler plate is the important material of making boiler. The development of boiler of supercritical thermal power generator makes the claim for the capability of boiler plate. The application of the new material takes effect on the basis of material standard as a carrier. Compare and analyse the differences between Chinese and American ASME materials and de2 velop the boiler plate standard fit for our thermal power generator networks.  Key words : boilerplate; capability; standard;ASME; supercritical  0  前言临界火电技术的最现实的途径,但是只有充分了解掌 近年来火电机组向大型化、高参数化发展的趋势握国际上那些技术成熟的新材料,并将其纳入我国电日益明显,超临界参数的火电机组已经在我国大量设站锅炉用钢标准,建立适合我国火电机组发展的先进计建造。作为火电机组三大主机之一的锅炉,对其所的锅炉用钢体系,促进新型锅炉用钢国产化,才是发使用钢的耐高温高压、耐腐蚀、性能稳定等方面提出展我国超临界火电机组的关键。了更高的要求。新型锅炉用钢的研制、开发与应用, 锅炉钢板是锅炉制造中非常关键的材料之一,主一直是火电机组发展所面临的重大课题,各国均投入要是指用来制造锅炉中的锅壳、锅筒、集箱端盖、支吊了大量的人力、物力从事相关的研究工作。架等重要部件用的热轧专用碳素钢和低合金耐热钢 我国火电机组锅炉用钢的开发,近几十年来几乎中厚钢板材料。锅炉钢板常常处于中、高温和高压状处于完全停滞状态。目前超临界火电机组,甚至包括态下工作,除承受较高温度和压力外,还受到冲击,疲部分亚临界机组锅炉中的许多关键材料完全依赖进劳载荷及水和气的腐蚀,工作条件较差。如果锅炉在口。新材料的开发和应用是锅炉制造取得技术进步使用过程中发生破坏性事故,将会造成严重的损失。的基础,新材料是由材料标准和技术条件作为载体而因此锅炉钢板必须具有良好的物理性能、力学性能和实施的。虽然从国外购买先进材料是现阶段发展超可加工性,并在材料标准的技术条款中给予严格的规   收稿日期:2005-06-20 作者简介:张显,高级工程师,1985 年毕业于合肥工业大学材料工程系,现工作于北京巴威公司工程部。 . 1995-2005 Tsinghua Tongfang Optical Disc Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.  定,以满足其使用中的安全。 美国机械工程师协会(ASME) 负责制订、颁布和实施的锅炉压力容器技术规范,它不仅是统一的美国国家标准, 同时也是国际公认的标准法规系统。ASME 规范第II 卷材料篇,主要引用了美国材料试验学会(ASTM) 的相应材料标准和材料试验标准。在ASME 规范中允许使用的材料一般来说必须按照第II 卷的材料标准供货。因此,只有认真研究ASME 材料标准,并与我国锅炉钢板标准进行对比与分析,找出之间的差距,才能建立适合我国超临界火电机组发展的完善的锅炉用钢板标准和标准体系。 1  常用锅炉钢板及性能要求 从材料上来分,锅炉钢板可分为专用碳素钢板和低合金耐热钢板两类。锅炉钢板所用的材料对化学成分,特别是对磷、硫等有害元素和铬、镍、铜等残余元素有严格的控制;冶炼时还应进行良好的脱氧和去除非金属夹杂物,以保证良好的塑性和韧性;组织结构要求均匀,晶粒度控制在一定范围内(通常希望晶粒度在3~7 级之间);对表面质量和内部缺陷也有严格的要求;此外常温和高温力学性能必须保证。 根据工作条件不同,锅炉钢板又可分为制造室温及中温承压部件钢板和制造高温承压部件钢板两大类。 室温及中温(蠕变温度以下) 用锅炉钢板,大多采用碳素钢,包括碳钢、碳锰钢、碳锰硅钢等,即GB713  -1997 锅炉用钢板中的20g 、22Mng 、16Mng 、19Mng 钢,以及美国ASME SA -515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板、SA-299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板等。主要用于制造锅炉的锅筒、中温以下集箱端盖等承压部件。要求其应具有较高的室温强度;良好的冲击韧性和较低的缺口敏感性;由于锅筒等部件在加工时需要大量的冷变形,因此还要具有良好的时效韧性;另外还要具备良好的加工工艺性和焊接性能;以及良好的低倍组织等。 高温(蠕变温度以上) 用锅炉钢板,一般采用低合金耐热钢,常用有铬钼钢、铬钼钒钢、铬钼钨钢等。例如GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板中的15CrMog 、12Cr1MoVg , 以及美国ASME SA -387ΠSA387 -M 压力容器用铬-钼合金钢板中的Gr22 、Gr91 和ASME SA -1017ΠSA1017 -M 压力容器用铬-钼-钨合金钢板中的Gr23 、Gr911 、Gr122 钢等。主要是用以制造高温集箱封头端盖、蒸汽管道堵板等高温承压部件。要求 其必须具有足够的高温持久强度和持久塑性;良好的高温组织稳定性;良好的高温抗氧化性(耐热性);以及良好的冷热加工工艺性(主要指冷弯变形和可焊接性) 等。 2  锅炉钢板标准对比分析 对锅炉制造行业来说,ASME 无疑是世界上最权威、最先进、最完善的建造规范。我国的锅炉行业在引进超临界火电机组锅炉的制造技术时,几乎无一例外的采用了美国机械工程师协会(ASME) 制订、颁布和实施的锅炉压力容器技术规范。 现阶段我国的锅炉钢板标准体系分为通用标准和产品标准两层,通用标准包括GBΠT247 钢板和钢带检验、包装、标志及质量证明书的一般规定和GBΠ T14977 热轧钢板表面质量的一般要求两个标准,产品标准仅GB713 锅炉用钢板1 个标准。另外我国还有一个压力容器钢板标准GB6654 压力容器用钢板, 但因为其与大型火电机组锅炉用钢板的要求相距甚远,因此不适合高压以上大型火电机组锅炉上使用。 美国ASME 规范第II 卷材料A 篇(铁基材料) 中, 有关锅炉和压力容器用钢板标准共约44 个,虽然在标准名称上都称作“压力容器用钢板”,但在每一个标准中的第一部分“适用范围”中,对本标准适用于锅炉还是压力容器,都做了明确的规定。所以适用于锅炉用钢板的标准大约有9 个,按体系也可以分为两层, 即通用标准1 个SA-20ΠSA-20M 压力容器用钢板通用要求和产品标准8 个SA-202ΠSA -202M 压力容器用铬锰硅合金钢板、SA-204ΠSA -204M 压力容器用钼合金钢板、SA-299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板、SA-302ΠSA -302M 压力容器用锰钼和锰钼镍合金钢板、SA-387ΠSA -387M 压力容器用铬钼合金钢板、SA-515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板、SA-516ΠSA -516M 常低温压力容器用碳钢板、SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬钼钨合金钢板。另外所有ASME 材料的物理性能、使用温度和许用应力等数据,都集中放在ASME 规范第II 卷D 篇材料性能当中,使用和查找十分便利。 通过对比ASME 锅炉钢板标准及体系可以看出, 我国锅炉钢板产品标准GB713 锅炉用钢板中,将不同品种和不同使用要求的锅炉钢板,以及锅炉钢板的一般性能和高温特殊性能等都放在一起表述,篇幅烦琐,对锅炉钢板的性能要求体现不够。ASME 锅炉钢板标准的制订是按材料加以区分的,每一类材料制订  第4 期               中美锅炉钢板标准的对比及发展 一个标准。标准内容除了规定了这一类材料的基本性能外,对具体用途和注意事项,以及协议条款等,在标准中都有非常详细的规定,充分体现了对锅炉钢板的性能要求,技术性突出,贸易性明显。标准体系和内容非常清晰,让人一目了然。用户在选择和使用上也很方便。 因此,现阶段我国的锅炉钢板标准及体系应加大力度重新予以制修订,以适应先进的超临界锅炉技术的发展对锅炉钢板的要求。 3  锅炉钢板标准发展探讨 上世纪80~90 年代,我国电力制造行业成功地引进了亚临界参数锅炉技术。为适应亚临界压力以下锅炉对锅炉钢板的要求,由鞍山钢铁集团公司、冶金工业信息标准研究院等单位,对GB713 -86 锅炉用碳素钢和低合金钢钢板进行了重新修订。新修订并一直沿用至今的锅炉钢板标准为GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板。在这个版本中,除了20g 和16Mng , 新增加了用于制造锅筒的19Mng (等同于德国标准19Mn6) 、22Mng (等同于美国标准SA299) 、13MnNiCrMoNbg (等同于德国标准BHW355) 等三个牌号,以及用于高温集箱端盖及支吊架等部件的15CrMog 、12Cr1MoVg 两个耐热钢牌号,其他内容也做了一定的修改。新修订的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板,不仅基本上满足了亚临界压力以下锅炉锅筒、集箱端盖及其支吊件的要求, 为我国电力事业的发展做出了突出贡献,而且还带动了我国钢铁行业的技术进步和产品质量的提高。 进入本世纪以来,随着世界上超临界参数火电机组的发展,我国也开始引进并大量设计制造超临界参数火电机组。超临界火电机组锅炉大多采用直流循环,螺旋炉膛,用汽水分离器替代了锅筒汽包,锅炉中集箱的温度和压力更高,更多的使用一些新型的、性能优异的耐热合金钢。由于对锅炉钢板的性能提出了新的要求,因此一直沿用的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板标准,其中的一些内容和技术指标,无论是与国外先进水平标准相比,还是与锅炉行业发展的相关要求相比,均存在着一定的差距,主要体现在下述几个方面:  3. 1  标准水平 锅炉钢板产品标准GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板,采用国际先进标准力度远远不够,标准水平只达到了国际一般水平。由于锅炉钢板标准属于重要用途的产品标准,安全可靠性要求严格,制造技术难度高,而且产量比较大。随着我国钢铁行业的生产技术和产品质量的不断提高,锅炉钢板标准应继续采用国际先进标准,加强采标力度,不断提高标准水平。 由于我国锅炉钢板产品标准只有一个,因此可以按照ASME 规范第II 卷D 篇材料性能的模式,制订一份有关我国锅炉钢板材料力学性能和物理性能的通用标准,也可以将这些材料性能完全放在产品标准GB713 中,包括锅炉设计选材时必须用到的高温规定非比例延伸强度(Rp0. 2) 、高温持久强度等力学性能, 以及常用的热膨胀系数、弹性模量等物理性能。另外如有可能,还可参照ASME 的方法,按不同材料、用途和性能,将锅炉用钢板标准细分成若干个标准(如专用碳素钢板、低合金耐热钢板等),以适应用户的需要和应用。 3. 2  外形尺寸 由于我国钢铁行业技术和装备水平的制约,锅炉用的宽厚钢板还几乎无法生产。GB713 仅适用于厚度6~150mm 的范围,而亚临界锅炉锅筒用的钢板厚度一般都在160~210mm 之间,只能依靠进口解决。我们只有提高那些重要用途、技术含量高的产品标准的水平,才有利于带动整个钢铁工业技术进步和产品质量提高,才能最终实现国产化,摆脱进口的束缚。 近年来,钢铁行业在国家良好的经济发展形式下,正大幅度的提高整体技术和装备水平。“十五”规划建设的宝钢5 000mm 宽厚板轧机工程项目,建成投产后其生产的锅炉钢板厚度可达到5~400mm 。作为我国第一套现代化的特宽幅宽厚板轧机,它的建设将带动我国宽厚板生产技术的跳跃式发展,对提升我国宽厚板产品档次,增强我国的综合国力,将发挥积极作用。我们应抓住国内钢铁技术和锅炉制造技术取得突破性进步这个机会,将新技术和新要求纳入锅炉钢板标准,并向国际先进水平标准靠拢,提高我国锅炉钢板标准的技术水平。 3. 3  材料牌号 材料标准和技术条件是材料应用的载体。随着火电机组参数的提高,锅炉制造水平不断进步,ASME 会随着每三年一次修订和每年的增补, 根据建造ASME 规范产品的需要和冶金技术的发展,适当地在原有钢种基础上新纳入和增加代表当今世界最新材料技术水平的新型材料。例如,为适应超临界锅炉集箱封头端盖和支吊架等部件对耐热钢板的要求,最新的2004 版ASME 规范第II 卷材料A 篇中,新制订了SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬-钼-钨合金钢板标准。我国锅炉用钢板标准在新型材料的纳标上炉钢板材料几乎没有纳入。显得滞后,往往跟不上锅炉制造技术的发展,现行的GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板与ASME 锅炉钢板标GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板已经使用了8 年之久,材料准中材料牌号之间的对比,见表1 所示。品种偏少,供用户选择的余地小,特别是高温用的锅 表1  GB713 与ASME 锅炉钢板材料牌号对比 品种 材料 GB713   标准 材料 ASME   标准  碳锰钢 -16Mng   GB713 -1997 锅炉用钢板 SA516 -55 SA516 -60   SA -516ΠSA -516M 常低温压力容器用碳钢板  - SA516 -65   19Mng   SA516 -70   20g - SA515 -60 SA515 -65   SA -515ΠSA -515M 中高温压力容器用碳钢板  22Mng   SA515 -70   锰铬锰钼钢 22Mng ---13MnNiMoNbg   SA -299 SA -202 GrA 、GrB SA -204 GrA 、GrB 、GrC SA -302 GrA 、GrB 、GrC 、GrD   SA -299ΠSA -299M 压力容器用碳锰硅钢板SA -202ΠSA -202M 压力容器用铬锰硅合金钢板SA -204ΠSA -204M 压力容器用钼合金钢板SA -302ΠSA -302M 压力容器用锰钼和锰钼镍合金钢板等同于德国标准BHW355            铬钼钢 -15CrMog   SA -387Gr2 SA -387Gr12   SA -387ΠSA -387M 压力容器用铬钼合金钢板  SA -387Gr11   - SA -387Gr22 、22L   - SA -387Gr21 、21L   - SA -387Gr5   - SA -387Gr9   - SA -387Gr91   - SA -387Gr911   12Cr1MoVg   -  -- SA -1017Gr23 SA -1017Gr911   SA -1017ΠSA -1017M 压力容器用铬钼钨合金钢板  - SA -1017Gr122   通过表1 对比可以看出,用于室温及中温(蠕变温度以下) 的碳锰系列锅炉钢板, GB713 共收纳了5 个牌号,可以满足亚临界以下火电机组锅炉中汽包锅筒、水冷壁集箱端盖、以及低温过热器和省煤器集箱端盖、支吊架等零部件的需要。对于ASME 中的锰铬、锰钼等系列标准中的钢板牌号,我国火电机组锅炉基本不使用,因此不需要纳入我国锅炉钢板标准。用于高温( 蠕变温度以上) 的铬钼系列锅炉钢板, GB713 -1997 中牌号只有2 个。其中15CrMog 最高使用温度为550 ℃,12Cr1MoVg 最高使用温度为565 ℃。而超临界火电机组锅炉中的高温过热器和再热器集箱等部件的金属壁温已经达到600 ℃以上,15CrMog 和12Cr1MoVg 已经达不到要求,因此应将ASME 标准中那些可以使用在600 ℃及以上的材料SA -387Gr22Π 22L 、SA -387Gr91 、SA -387Gr911 、SA -1017Gr122 等, 纳入我国的锅炉用钢板标准,以适应超临界火电机组锅炉技术的发展,提升我国冶金和机电产品的整体水平。 3. 4  技术要求GB713 -1997 规定的技术要求,与ASME 锅炉钢板标准中规定的技术要求对比,见表2 。 从表2 中可以看出,ASME 锅炉钢板标准中的技术要求,除了化学成分和基本的力学性能必须保证外,其余大多是供不同的用户在不同的使用中,对钢板的技术要求做出不同选择的协议项目。ASME 充分体现了以市场为导向,以用户需求为目标的世界先  第4 期               中美锅炉钢板标准的对比及发展 进标准的指导思想。而我国的锅炉用钢板标准显得微量元素、冶炼、锻造、热处理、金相组织等各种因素计划经济体制痕迹较重,起草和制修订标准时,对标的变化而变化的,它是一个帮助分析、判断材料的工准所使用的行业特点没有清楚的反映出来,对用户真艺和质量水平的有效方法。另外,当锅炉运行一段时正需要的技术要求和保证条款调查和重视不够,没有间后,通过材料的冷脆转变温度的变化情况,还可以达到生产型标准向贸易型标准转变的功效。帮助预测锅炉的运行寿命。因此在GB713 当中,应 根据表2 的对比分析发现,ASME 钢板标准都将将落锤试验或系列冲击试验,以及铬钼钢的硬度试验落锤试验作为钢板技术要求中的协议项目,这是因为等作为协议条款给出,方便用户在不同的使用条件下锅炉钢板冷脆转变温度的高低是随材料的化学成分、进行选择。 表2  GB713 与ASME 锅炉钢板技术要求对比 技术指标 GB713   SA202   SA204   SA299   SA302   SA387   SA515   SA516   SA1017   化学成分 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   交货状态 Δ   Δ   √〔注2〕 √〔注3〕 √〔注3〕 √   √〔注3〕 √〔注2〕 √   常温拉伸 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   常温冲击 √   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   时效冲击 √〔注1〕 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   冷弯试验 √   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   表面质量 √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   √   无损探伤 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   厚度方向拉伸 Δ   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   高温拉伸 Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   落锤试验 N   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   磁粉检验 N   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   Δ   奥氏体晶粒度 N   N   N   N   N   √〔注4〕 Δ   N   N   硬度 N   N   N   N   N   N   N   N   √   〔注1〕:仅对20g 和16Mng 有要求。〔注2〕:厚度大于40mm 的钢板必须正火处理。〔注3〕:厚度大于50mm 的钢板必须正火处理。 〔注4〕:仅对Gr2 钢板有要求。√:规定或必检项目;Δ:协议项目;N: 没有规定 4  结束语 材料是火电机组锅炉建造的基础和技术核心之一。美国ASME 规范把材料及其标准列为第二卷,作为整个规范的一个重要组成部分。ASME 钢材标准不仅是钢材生产部门的质量标准,而且是钢材使用单位(设计、制造、检验) 在选用、采购、验收、检验、加工时的依据。ASME 钢材标准是在市场经济模式下,由供需双方共同编制,且以反映钢材使用者的要求为主的标准。ASME 锅炉钢板标准看似十分繁多,但仔细分析却又体系明确、联系紧密、互相呼应、配套性强, 是锅炉建造中不可缺少的一部分。 相对比较而言,我国锅炉钢板仅有GB713 一个标准,其中的材料品种、牌号、等级等,都远远少于ASME 规范,使用上受到很大局限性。另外,我国过去是在计划经济体制下,主要以供方为主编制钢材质量标准,没有更全面地反映钢材使用者的要求和反映锅炉建造的要求,因此锅炉钢板标准在许多方面还不能满足用户需求。 中国锅炉制造行业和冶金行业需要共同努力,深入分析、理解ASME 规范等世界先进标准,找出我国锅炉钢板标准的不足,明确发展方向。今后应继续加大采用国际标准和国外先进标准的力度,积极促进ASME 规范中国化和ASME 钢材国产化,制修订出适合我国火电机组锅炉技术发展的先进的锅炉钢板标准,提升我国锅炉制造行业和冶金行业的整体水平, 更好的为经济建设服务。

船用钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

船用钢板指按船级社建造规范要求生产的用于制造船体结构的热轧钢板材。    由于船舶工作环境恶劣,船体壳要受海水的化学腐蚀、电化学腐蚀和海生物、微生物的腐蚀;船体承受较大的风浪冲击和交变负荷;船舶形状使其加工方法复杂等因素、所以对船体结构用钢要求严格。首先良好的韧性是最关键的要求,此外,要求有较高的强度,良好的耐腐蚀性能、焊接性能,加工成型性能以及表面质量。为保质量和保证有足够的韧性,要求化学成分的Mn/C在2.5以上,对碳当量也有严格要求,并由船检部门认可的钢厂生产。船体用结构钢按照其最小屈服点划分强度级别为:一般强度结构钢和高强度结构钢。船体用结构钢分一般厚度和高强度钢两种,一般强度钢按质量分A、B、C和D四个等级;高强度钢又分两个强度级别和三个质量等级;AH32、DH32、EH32、AH36、DH36、EH36。    中国船级社规范标准的一般强度结构钢分为:A、B、D、E四个质量等级(即CCSA、CCSB、CCSC、CCSD);中国船级社规范标准的高强度结构钢为三个强度级别、四个质量等级。    主要船级社规范有: 船用钢板  中国 CCS    美国 ABS    德国 GL    法国 BV    挪威 DNV    日本 KDK    英国 LR    船体用结构钢的化学成分    钢    类 等级 化学成份(质量分数)(%)    C Mn si P S Al Nb V    一般    强度    钢 A ≤O.22 ≥2.5C O.10~0.35 ≤O.04 ≤0.04    B ≤O.21 O.60~1.00    D ≤O.21 0.60~1.00 ≥O.015    E ≤O.18 O.70~1.20 ≥0.015    高    强    度    钢 AH32 ≤O.18 O.70~1.60 0.10~O.50 ≤O.04 ≤0.04 ≥O.015    DH32 O.90~1.60    EH32 O.90~1.60    AH36 0.70~1.60 O.015~O.050 O.03O~O.10    DHB6 0.90~1.60    EH36 O.90~1.60    船体用结构钢的交货状态    钢材等级 厚度/mm 交货状态    A 6---40    热轧、控轧或正火    B 热轧、控轧或正火    D 6---32 热轧、控轧或正火    正火①②    E 6---32 钢板:正火;型钢;正火或控轧    AH32    AH36 6---32    >25--32 热轧、正火或控轧    正火①②    DH32    DH36 6---25    >20---32 正火或控轧②    正火①②    EH32    EH36 6---40 正火②    船体用结构钢的力学性能    钢材    等级    厚度    /mm    屈服点 ós    /MPa 抗拉    强度    ób/MPa 伸长率δ5    (%) v型冲击试验 冷弯试验    温度    /℃ 平均冲击吸收功    AKv/J 窄冷弯    b=2a    180℃ 宽冷弯    b=5a    120°    纵向 横向    ≥ ≥ ≥    A ≤50 235 400~490 22 d=2a    B 0 27 20    d=3a    D —10 27 20    E 一40 27 20    AH32 ≤50 315 440~590 22 O 3l 22    d=3a    DH32 —20 31 22    EH32 —40 31 22    AH36 ≤50 355 490~620 21 O 34 24    d=3a    DH36 —20 34 24    EH36 —40 34 24  一般强度船体结构用钢分为A、B、C、D4个等级,这4个等级的钢材的屈服强度(不小于235N/mm^2)和抗拉强度(400~520N/mm^2)一样,只是不同温度下的冲击功不一样而已; 高强度船体结构用钢按其最小屈服强度划分强度等级,每一强度等级又按其冲击韧性的不同分为A、D、E、F4级。 A32、D32、E32、F32的屈服强度不小于315N/mm^2,抗拉强度440~570N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性; A36、D36、E36、F36的屈服强度不小于355N/mm^2,抗拉强度490~620N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性; A40、D40、E40、F40的屈服强度不小于390N/mm^2,抗拉强度510~660N/mm^2,A、D、E、F分别表示其各自可分别在0°、-20°、-40°、-60°的情况下所能达到的冲击韧性。 还有, 焊接结构用高强度淬火回火钢:A420、D420、E420、F420;A460、D460、E460、F460;A500、D500、E500、F500;A550、D550、E550、F550;A620、D620、E620、F620;A690、D690、E690、F690; 锅炉与受压容器用钢:360A、360B;410A、410B;460A、460B;490A、490B;1Cr0.5Mo、2.25Cr1Mo 机械结构用钢:一般可选用上述钢材; 低温韧性钢:0.5NiA、0.5NiB、1.5Ni、3.5Ni、5Ni、9Ni; 奥氏体不锈钢:00Cr18Ni10、00Cr18Ni10N、00Cr17Ni14Mo2、00Cr17Ni13Mo2N、00Cr19Ni13Mo3、00Cr19Ni13Mo3N、0Cr18Ni11Nb; 双相不锈钢:00Cr22Ni5Mo3N、00Cr25Ni6Mo3Cu、00Cr25Ni7Mo4N3。 复合钢板:适用于化学制品运输船的容器和液货舱; Z向钢:是在某一等级结构钢(称为母级钢)的基础上,经过特殊处理(如钙处理、真空脱气、氩气搅拌等)和适当热处理的钢材。 a

造船钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

steel sheets and plates for shipbuilding造船钢板   造船钢板是指用造船专用结构钢生产的,用于制造远洋、沿海和内河航行的船舶的船体结构的薄钢板和厚钢板。   造船用结构钢包括碳素钢和低合金钢,钢号的末尾标有C(船)。   碳钢素有2C、3C、4C和5C,低合金钢有12MnC、16MnC、15MnTiC、14MnVTiReC等钢种。厚度为2.5~50毫米。 CCSA中国船级社认证A板,CCSB中国船级社认证B板差100块以内。  造船钢板的规格和材质 商标可分为,国标,日标,美标,德标等  根据造船钢板材质可分为一般船板和高强度船板  一般船板有A,B,C,D,E级,高强度船板可分为AH32/36 ,EH32/36,DH32/36 。

薄钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

薄钢板(也叫黑铁皮)    薄钢板—指厚度小于或等于4mm的钢板,包括普通薄钢板(如普通碳素钢、花纹钢及酸洗薄钢板)、优质薄钢板(碳素结构钢、合金结构钢、工具钢等薄钢板(如镀锌、镀锡及镀铅等薄钢板)。 薄钢板理论重量:薄钢板厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)厚度(mm)理论重量(kg/m2)0.201.570.755.891.814.130.251.960.806.282.015.700.302.360.907.072.217.270.352.751.007.852.519.360.403.141.18.642.821.980.453.531.29.423.023.550.503.931.310.213.225.120.554.321.410.993.527.480.604.711.511.783.829.830.655.101.612.563.930.620.705.501.713.354.031.40     薄钢板是符合厚度等于或小于4mm的各种热轧和冷轧的钢板。有许多品种:热轧普通薄钢板、冷轧普同薄钢板、热轧优质薄钢板、冷轧优质薄钢板以及电镀、镀锌、涂层、复合等薄钢板。虽然品种多,材质也不同,但其尺寸、外形、重量计算方法大同小异,计算公式:  W(kg/m2)=0.00785*宽*厚

彩色涂层钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

它是热轧钢板、镀锌钢板上涂0.4-0.5mm的软质或半硬质聚氯乙烯塑料薄膜制成,具有耐热、耐腐蚀性能,可做墙板。   彩色涂层钢板简述:   在钢板上涂上有机涂料,涂料可以有各种不同的颜色,彩色涂层钢板由此而得名,简称彩板,也称有机涂层钢板。由于彩色涂层钢板是在钢板加工成型前先涂上涂料,在国外也称为预涂层钢板。彩涂板有机涂层起了覆盖隔离作用,可防止钢板生锈,使用寿命更长。   彩涂板的基板有冷轧基板、热镀锌基板、电镀锌基板、热镀铝锌基板。  彩涂板的面漆涂层种类可以分为:聚酯、硅改性聚酯、偏聚氟乙烯、高耐久性聚酯等。  生产工艺从一涂一烘发展到二涂二烘,也出现三涂三烘的工艺。  彩涂板的表面状态可以分为正常涂层板、压花板、印花板等。   彩涂板主要用途分为建筑、家电和交通运输等。由于彩涂板不仅色彩鲜艳,还具有优良的成型性和耐久性,使用寿命长等优点,还大量节省客户的清洗脱脂和油漆作业的设备成本和人工。因此,彩色涂层钢板已广泛应用在我国的建筑业(大型工业厂房、大型仓库、简易活动室、室内装饰板、机场建筑物、现代化大型飞机库、大型体育馆等)预热隔热夹芯板、大型冷藏库、彩涂钢板制门窗、卷帘门及钢制家具。在家电行业中用于冰柜、洗衣机。电子工业应用在仪表开关箱外壳、录音机机芯等。其它如候车厅,售票亭,办公室隔墙等,应用正不断扩大。  PCM彩板即连续辊涂彩色钢板,其色彩鲜艳,不仅具有良好的成型加工性、漆膜耐腐蚀性和柔韧性,又具有良好的经济效益,满足社会经济、环保发展的要求。根据ECCA(欧洲卷涂协会)数据统计,PCM彩板在生产效率、周转储存、环保效应、外观效果方面均优于传统的喷粉板材,其综合成本仅相当于喷粉板材的90%左右,因此,在欧美地区家电外装饰材料几乎都采用该类彩板;目前在国内,以海尔集团为代表,喷粉板材正逐渐被彩板所取代。  在传统PCM彩板的基础上,海尔彩板公司通过整合全球资源,研制开发出导电PCM彩板及辊涂工艺的砂面PCM彩板,成为国内唯一的砂面PCM彩板的生产基地。产品不仅符合欧盟的ROHS环保标准,且经国家科委、经贸委鉴定,产品性能品质均已达到国际领先水平。  彩色予涂钢板PCM,将传统的喷涂涂装变成钢板的连续涂布,便于表面处理及涂布质量的控制,又不存在涂装易产生的棱边死角等缺陷;而且采用无铬处理液进行辊涂式化学处理后直接干燥,无传统浸涂式化学处理对环境的污染和破坏,满足环保要求。   产品特点:   彩色予涂钢板PCM板材色彩鲜艳,既具有钢板的强度和良好的成型加工性,又能够满足高速、精密加工设备的要求。而PCM得以高速发展的主要原因,其具有良好的经济效益同时也能满足社会经济、环保发展的要求。  在连续机组上以冷轧带钢,镀锌带钢(电镀锌和热镀锌)为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂和学处理),用辊涂的方法,涂上一层或多层液态涂料,化经过烘烤和冷却所得的板材即为涂层钢板。由于涂层可以有各种不同的颜色,习惯上把涂层钢板叫做彩色涂层钢板。又由于涂层是在钢板成型加工之前进行的,在国外这叫做预涂层钢板.   工艺流程   彩色涂层钢板是以冷轧钢板和镀锌钢板为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂、清洗、化学转化处理),以连续的方法涂上涂料(辊涂法),经过烘烤和冷却而制成的产品。   常见的二涂二烘型连续彩色涂层机组工艺流程主要生产工序为:开卷→预处理→涂敷→烘烤→后处理→卷取。   产品用途:   涂层钢板具有轻质、美观和良好的防腐蚀性能,又可直接加工,它给建筑业、造船业、车辆制造业、家具行业、电气行业等提供了一种新型原材料,起到了以钢代木、高效施工、节约能源、防止污染等良好效果。使用镀锌钢板为基板的彩色涂层钢板,除有锌保护外,锌层上的有机涂层起了覆盖隔离作用,可防止钢板生锈,使用寿命比镀锌钢板更长,据介绍涂层钢板的使用寿命比镀锌钢板长50%。   但是,在不同的地区和不同的使用部位,采用相同镀锌量、同种涂料、相同涂层厚度的彩色涂层板,其使用寿命会有很大的不同。例如,在工业区或沿海地区,由于受到空气中二氧化硫气体或盐分的作用,腐蚀速度加快,使用寿命受到影响。   在雨季,涂层长期受雨水浸湿、或者在日夜温差太大易结露的部位,都会较快地受到腐蚀,使用寿命均会降低。   用彩色涂层钢板制造的建筑物或厂房,经常受到雨水冲洗时使用寿命较长,否则,由于受二氧化硫气体、盐和灰尘的作用而影响使用。因此,在设计时,若屋顶的倾斜度越大,则越不容易积聚灰尘等污物,使用寿命越长;对于那些不受雨水经常冲洗的区域或部位,应定期用水冲洗。  彩涂钢板分类   彩色涂层钢板产品可以采用冷轧基板、热镀锌基板和电镀锌基板。   按基板分类的彩色涂层钢板种类如下:   彩 色 涂 层 钢 板   冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板   热镀锌彩色涂层钢板   热镀铝锌彩色涂层钢板 镀5%铝锌彩色涂层钢板   镀55%铝锌彩色涂层钢板   电镀锌彩色涂层钢板   其它 印花彩板   金属压花彩板   ■冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板   由冷轧基板生产的彩色板,具有平滑美丽的外观,且具有冷轧板的加工性能;但是表面涂层的任何细小划伤都会把冷轧基板暴露在空气中,从而使露铁处很快生成红锈。因此这类产品只能用于要求不高的临时隔离措施和作室内用材。   ■热镀锌彩色涂层钢板   把有机涂料涂复在热镀锌钢板上得到的产品即为热镀锌彩涂板。热镀锌彩涂板除具有锌的保护作用外,表面上的有机涂层还起了隔绝保护、防止生锈的作用,使用寿命比热镀锌板更长。热镀锌基板的含锌量一般为180g/m2(双面),建筑外用热   镀锌基板的镀锌量最高为275g/m2。   ■热镀铝锌彩涂板   根据要求,也可以采用热镀铝锌钢板作为彩涂基板(55%AI-Zn和5%AI-Zn)。   ■电镀锌彩涂板   用电镀锌板为基板,涂上有机涂料烘烤所得的产品为电镀锌彩涂板,由于电镀锌板的锌层薄,通常含锌量为20/20g/m2,因此该产品不适合使用在室外制作墙、屋顶等。但因具有美丽的外观和优良的加工性能,因此主要可用于家电、音响、钢家具、室内装潢等。   ■涂料   涂料是一种流动状态或粉末状态的有机物,涂敷于底材上能干燥固化形成一层薄膜,均匀地覆盖和良好地附着。其主要性能为防护性(如耐潮湿性、耐水性、耐候性、耐化学性等)和装饰性(具有各种不同的颜色和光泽)。   ■涂料的组成及其作用   各种不同的涂料,都有四个部分组成,即(1)树脂(2)颜料(3)溶剂(4)助剂。其中溶剂是挥发分,其作三个部分基本是不挥发分。   (1)树脂   树脂即成膜物质,是涂料中的最主要成分和基础,也称基料,它是决定涂膜性质的主要因素。要求作为成膜物质的树脂在   涂料储存期内相当稳定,不发生明显的物理变化和化学变化;在成膜时,在规定的条件下,能迅速固化成膜。   树脂种类繁多,在卷材涂料中常用的树脂有酸树脂、环氧树脂、聚酯树脂和聚基酯树脂等。不同的树`脂,其物理性能和化学性能、以及耐候性、耐蚀性等是不一样的。   (2)颜料   颜料须与树脂配合使用,在涂料中的主要作用是使涂膜着色,颜料比例不同会影响涂膜硬度、光泽度以及耐蚀性等。   (3)溶剂   溶剂是液态涂料的重要组成部分,在涂料烘干过程中是能挥发的成分。一般也用溶剂调节涂料粘度,这种用于调节涂料粘度的溶剂称为稀释剂。溶剂对涂料的制造、贮存、涂敷、漆膜的形成和成膜质量有着很大的影响。   (4)助剂   助剂是为改善涂料性能而加入的少量添加剂。助剂在涂料中用量极少,作用却显著,如有的能改进涂料和涂膜的性能,有的能改善烘干时间、有的能防止涂膜产生病态等。助剂种类繁多,有催干剂、固化剂、流平剂、消泡剂、消光剂,稳定剂等。   几乎绝大部分液态涂料都由上述四个成分中的某些原料组成,其中最主要的是树脂,这是任何涂料都少不了的。可以说树脂(有时加溶剂和助剂)就是透明漆,再加入颜料就可成各种色漆。   彩色涂层钢板用涂料一般根据用途分为两大类:即建筑用和家电用。建筑用涂料根据使用环境的不同,在环氧树脂、聚酯树脂、聚氯乙烯塑料溶胶、硅改性聚酯和聚偏氟乙烯中选择。家电用涂料一般彩聚酯树脂。 一、什么叫做彩色涂层钢板 现代的彩色涂层钢板是在连续机组上以冷轧带钢、镀锌钢带(电镀锌和热镀锌)和热镀锌一铝合金钢带等为基板,经过表面预处理(脱脂和化学处理),用辊涂或覆膜等方法,涂覆上一层或多层有机涂层,经过烘烤和冷却所得到的涂装产品即为涂层钢板。由于涂层可以有各种不同的颜色,因此,又称之为“彩色涂层钢板”。又由于涂层是在钢板成型加工之前进行的,在国外亦称之为“预涂层钢板”或‘卷涂”。 二、彩色涂层钢板是由哪几部分构成的 彩色涂层钢板的构成,大体上可分为基材、镀层、化学转化膜和有机涂层4大部分。 三、彩色涂层钢板的涂料品种有哪几大类 按彩色涂层钢板的涂料形态分类,则有液体涂料、粉末涂料、塑料薄膜三大类。 四、用于生产彩色涂层钢板的基材主要有哪几种 按基板分类的彩色涂层钢板的种类,主要有以下四大类别:(1)冷轧基板彩色涂层钢板。(2)热镀锌彩色涂层钢板。(3)热镀铝锌彩色涂层钢板。(4)电镀锌彩色涂层钢板。 五、在剪切彩色涂层钢板时,应注意哪些问题? 彩色涂层钢板根据用途要进行剪切、弯曲、成型等各种加工。由于钢板表面有锌层和有机涂层,加工时有许多与普通冷轧钢板不同的地方,须特别注意,以防加工时涂膜受损。影响剪切的因素包括:(1)材料的力学性能;(2)刀具的形状及间隙;(3)工具面的摩擦及润滑;(4)加工速度和温度等。在剪切彩色涂层钢板时应特别注意以下事项:(1)应尽量使切断面的毛边短小,以防彩色涂层钢板在剪切堆垛时相互划伤;(2)及时清除剪断时产生的切屑和金属粉,否则会损伤钢板表面,成为擦伤或腐蚀生锈的根源;(3)彩色涂层钢带剪切时,与彩色接触的辊子应为胶辊或其他材料,与彩色钢板接触的台面应铺上橡皮垫并保持清洁,防止彩板涂膜损伤。

耐磨钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

耐磨钢板以及耐磨钢板的特点耐磨钢板的性能特点:1.很高的耐磨性能: strongplate耐磨钢板耐磨层厚度3-12㎜,耐磨层硬度可以达到HRC58-62,耐磨性能是普通钢板的15-20倍以上,是低合金钢板性能5-10倍以上,是高铬铸铁耐磨性能2-5倍以上,耐磨性远远高于喷焊和热喷涂等方法。  2.较好的冲击性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板是双层金属结构,耐磨层和基材之间是冶金结合,结合强度高,可在受冲击的过程中吸收能量,耐磨层不会脱落,可以应用到振动、冲击较强的工况条件下,这一点是铸造耐磨材料和陶瓷材料所不及的。3.很好的耐温性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板合金碳化物在高温下有很强的稳定性能,耐磨钢板可以在500℃内使用,其他特殊要求温度可以定制生产,能够满足1200℃以内条件下使用;陶瓷、聚脂、高分子材料等采取粘贴方式耐磨材料无法满足如此高温要求。4.很好的连接性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板基材是普通Q235钢板,保证耐磨钢板具有韧性和塑性,提供抵抗外力的强度,可以采取焊接、塞焊、螺栓连接等多种方式和其他结构进行联系,连接牢固,不容易脱落,连接方式多于其他材料;5.很好的选择性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板选择不同厚度基材,堆焊不同层数和厚度的合金耐磨层,可以得到不同厚度和不同用途的钢板,最大厚度可达到30㎜以上;6.很好的加工性能: Strongplate耐磨钢板能够按要求加工成不同规格尺寸,可以进行加工、冷弯成型、焊接、弯曲等,方便使用;可以现场拼焊成型,使维修更换工作变得省时、方便,大大降低工作强度。7.很好的性价格比: Strongplate耐磨钢板价格较普通材料有所提高,但考虑到产品使用寿命,综合考虑维修费用、备件费用和停机损失,其性能价格比远高于普通钢板和其他材料  双金属复层耐磨钢板是专供大面积磨损工况使用的板材产品,是在韧性、塑性很好的普通低碳钢或者低合金钢表面通过堆焊方法复合一定厚度的硬度较高、耐磨性优良的耐磨层而制成的板材产品。   双金属复合耐磨钢板由低碳钢板和合金耐磨层两部分组成,抗磨层一般占总厚度的1/3-1/2。工作时由基体提供抵抗外力的强度、韧性和塑性等综合性能,由耐磨层提供满足指定工况需求的耐磨性能。   耐磨钢板合金耐磨层和基体之间是冶金结合。通过专用设备,采用自动焊接工艺,将高硬度自保护合金焊丝均匀地焊接在基材上,复合层数一层至两层以至多层,复合过程中由于合金收缩比不同,出现均匀横向裂纹,这是耐磨钢板的显著特点。   耐磨层主要以铬合金为主,同时还添加锰、钼、铌、镍等其它合金成份,金相组织中碳化物呈纤维状分布,纤维方向与表面垂直。碳化物显微硬度可以达到HV1700-2000以上,表面硬度可达到HRc58-62。合金碳化物在高温下有很强的稳定性,保持较高的硬度,同时还具有很好的抗氧化性能,在500℃以内完全正常使用。   耐磨钢板具有很高耐磨性能和较好冲击性能好,能够进行切割、弯曲、焊接等,可采取焊接、塞焊、螺栓连接等方式与其他结构进行连接,在维修现场过程中具有省时、方便等特点,广泛应用于冶金、煤炭、水泥、电力、玻璃、矿山、建材、砖瓦等行业,与其他材料相比,有很高的性价比,已经受到越来越多行业和厂家的青睐   技术参数   硬度,HRC   耐磨层厚度≤4mm:HRC54-58;   耐磨层厚度>4mm:HRC56-62   外观参数   平整度:5mm/M   性能描述   1、高耐磨性   合金层的化学成分中碳含量达4~5%,铬含量高达25~30%,其金相组织中Cr7C3碳化物的体积分数达到50%以上,宏观硬度为HRC56~62,碳化铬的硬度为HV1400~1800。由于碳化物成于磨损方向相垂直分布,即使与同成分和硬度的铸造合金相比较,耐磨性能提高一倍以上。与几种典型的材料耐磨性对比如下:   (1)与低碳钢;20~25:1   (2)与铸态高铬铸铁;1.5~2.5:1   2、良好的耐冲击性:   耐磨复合钢板的底层为低碳钢或低合金。不锈钢等韧性材料,体现双金属的优越性,耐磨层抵抗磨损介质的磨损,基板承受介质的载荷,因此有良好的耐冲击性。可以承受物料输送系统中承受高落差料斗等冲击和磨损。   3、较好的耐热性:   耐磨层推荐使用在≤600℃工况下使用,若在合金层中加入钒,钼等合金,可以承受≤800℃的高温磨损。   推荐使用温度如下:   普通碳钢基板推荐不高于380℃工况使用;   低合金耐热钢板(15CrMo,12Cr1MOV等)基板推荐不高于540℃工况使用;   耐热不锈钢基板推荐在不高于800 ℃工况使用。   4、好的耐腐蚀性   耐磨复合钢板的合金层中含有高百分比的金属铬,故具有一定防锈和耐腐蚀能力。用于落煤筒和漏斗等场合可以做到防止粘煤。   5、品种规格齐全   耐磨复合钢板规格全,品种多,已成商品系列化。耐磨合金层的厚度在3~20mm。复合钢板的厚度最薄为6mm,厚度不限。目前,标准耐磨复合钢板可提供1200或1450×2000mm,也可根据用户需求,按图纸尺寸定做加工。耐磨复合钢板现分为普通型、耐冲击型和高温型三种,定购高温耐磨和耐冲击型复合钢板要说明。   6、方便的加工性能   耐磨复合钢板可以切割,弯曲或卷曲、焊接和打孔,它可以加工成普通钢板可以加工的各种部件。切割好的复合板可以拼焊成各种工程结构件或零部件。   功能及特点   可焊接、耐磨性能好。

金属常识 --- 钢板

2018-12-12 09:40:23

一、钢板(包括带钢)的分类:  1、按厚度分类:(1)薄板(2)中板(3)厚板(4)特厚板  2、按生产方法分类:(1)热轧钢板(2)冷轧钢板  3、按表面特征分类:(1)镀锌板(热镀锌板、电镀锌板)(2)镀锡板(3)复合钢板(4)彩色涂层钢板  4、按用途分类:(1)桥梁钢板(2)锅炉钢板(3)造船钢板(4)装甲钢板(5)汽车钢板(6)屋面钢板(7)结构钢板(8)电工钢板(硅钢片)(9)弹簧钢板(10)其他二、普通及机械结构用钢板中常见的日本牌号  1、日本钢材(JIS系列)的牌号中普通结构钢主要由三部分组成:第一部分表示材质,如:S(Steel)表示钢,F(Ferrum)表示铁;第二部分表示不同的形状、种类、用途,如P(Plate)表示板,T(Tube)表示管,K(Kogu)表示工具;第三部分表示特征数字,一般为最低抗拉强度。如:SS400¡¡第一个S表示钢(Steel),第二个S表示“结构”(Structure),400为下限抗拉强度400MPa,整体表示抗拉强度为400 MPa的普通结构钢。  2、SPHC¡¡首位S为钢Steel的缩写,P为板Plate的缩写,H为热Heat的缩写,C商业Commercial的缩写,整体表示一般用热轧钢板及钢带。  3、SPHD¡¡表示冲压用热轧钢板及钢带。  4、SPHE¡¡表示深冲用热轧钢板及钢带。  5、SPCC¡¡表示一般用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国Q195-215A牌号。其中第三个字母C为冷Cold的缩写。需保证抗拉试验时,在牌号末尾加T为SPCCT。  6、SPCD¡¡表示冲压用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国08AL(13237)优质碳素结构钢。  7、SPCE¡¡表示深冲用冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带,相当于中国08AL(5213)深冲钢。需保证非时效性时,在牌号末尾加N为SPCEN。冷轧碳素钢薄板及钢带调质代号:退火状态为A,标准调质为S,1/8硬为8,1/4硬为4,1/2硬为2,硬为1。  表面加工代号:无光泽精轧为D,光亮精轧为B。如SPCC-SD表示标准调质、无光泽精轧的一般用冷轧碳素薄板。再如SPCCT-SB表示标准调质、光亮加工,要求保证机械性能的冷轧碳素薄板。  8、JIS机械结构用钢牌号表示方法为:S+含碳量+字母代号(C、CK),其中含碳量用中间值×100表示,字母C:表示碳 K:表示渗碳用钢。如碳结卷板S20C其含碳量为0.18-0.23%。三、我国及日本硅钢片牌号表示方法  1、中国牌号表示方法:  (1)冷轧无取向硅钢带(片)表示方法:DW+铁损值(在频率为50HZ,波形为正弦的磁感峰值为1.5T的单位重量铁损值。)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。如DW470-50 表示铁损值为4.7w/kg,厚度为0.5mm的冷轧无取向硅钢,现新型号表示为50W470。  (2)冷轧取向硅钢带(片)表示方法:DQ+铁损值(在频率为50HZ,波形为正弦的磁感峰值为1.7T的单位重量铁损值。)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。有时铁损值后加G表示高磁感。如DQ133-30表示铁损值为1.33,厚度为0.3mm的冷轧取向硅钢带(片),现新型号表示为30Q133。  (3)热轧硅钢板热轧硅钢板用DR表示,按硅含量的多少分成低硅钢(含硅量≤2.8%)、高硅钢(含硅量>2.8%)。  表示方法:DR+铁损值(用50HZ反复磁化和按正弦形变化的磁感应强度最大值为1.5T时的单位重量铁损值)的100倍+厚度值的100倍。如DR510-50表示铁损值为5.1,厚度为0.5mm的热轧硅钢板。家用电器用热轧硅钢薄板的牌号用JDR+铁损值+厚度值来表示,如JDR540-50。  2、日本牌号表示方法:  (1)冷轧无取向硅钢带由公称厚度(扩大100倍的值)+代号A+铁损保证值(将频率50HZ,最大磁通密度为1.5T时的铁损值扩大100倍后的值)。如50A470表示厚度为0.5mm,铁损保证值为≤4.7的冷轧无取向硅钢带。  (2)冷轧取向硅钢带由公称厚度(扩大100倍的值)+代号G:表示普通材料,P:表示高取向性材料+铁损保证值(将频率50HZ,最大磁通密度为1.7T时的铁损值扩大100倍后的值)。如30G130表示厚度为0.3mm,铁损保证值为≤1.3的冷轧取向硅钢带。

08F钢板

2019-03-19 10:00:29

08F钢板化学成分08F钢板牌号08F钢板化学成分(质量分数)(%)CSiMnCrNiCu≤08F0.05~0.11≤0.030.25~0.500.100.300.25 08F钢板力学性能08F钢板牌号拉力强度MPa屈服点MPa断后伸长率(%)断面收缩率(%)08F2951753560

电镀锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:06

电镀锌钢板,是指采用电镀锌工艺镀锌的钢板。与热镀锌钢板相比,镀锌层厚度薄,但成本低。电镀锌也叫冷镀锌,就是利用电解原理,在制件表面形成均匀、致密、结合良好的锌镀层的过程。与其他 金属 相比,锌是相对便宜而又易镀覆的一种 金属 ,属低值防蚀电镀层,被广泛用于保护钢铁件,特别是防止空气氧化腐蚀,并用于装饰。镀锌板是指表面镀有一层锌的钢板。镀锌是一种经常采用的经济而有效的防腐方法。全世界锌 产量 的一半左右均用于此种工艺。镀锌是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀延长其使用寿命。镀锌板 市场 概况及生产消费现状近几年,我国镀锌板的生 产量 在逐年增加,出进口量也在逐年增加,增长幅度高于生 产量 的增加;扣除生产重复统计后,镀锌板消费量约为527万吨。1999年以后,进口量超过了生 产量 ,国内产品的自给率不足50%,并且有逐年降低的趋势。镀锌板消费量的增加主要依靠进口。近几年镀锌板进口逐年增长、进口的品种主要是电镀锌板,但电镀锌板进口的比例逐年降低;相应地,热镀锌板进口比例逐年增加,2003年我国热镀锌板的进口量第一次超过了电镀锌板的进口量。电镀锌钢板的特点:用电镀法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性,但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板。

花纹钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

patterned section  花纹钢板  花纹钢板表面带有凸起(或凹陷)花纹的钢板。   花纹钢板也称网纹钢板,是其表面具有菱形或突棱的钢板。   花纹可以是单一的菱形、扁豆形或圆豆形,也可以由两种或两种以上花纹适当地组合成为组合型花纹板。   花纹主要起防滑和装饰作用。组合型花纹板的防滑能力、抗弯能力、节约金属量及外观等方面的综合效果,均明显优于单一型花纹板。   花纹钢板广泛用于造船、锅炉、汽车、拖拉机、火车车厢及建筑等行业。   花纹钢板由于其表面有突棱,有防滑作用,可用作地板、厂房扶梯、工作架踏板、船舶甲板、汽车底板等。   花纹钢板用于车间、大型设备或船舶走道和楼梯的踏板,是表面压出菱形或扁豆形花纹的钢板。   钢板是由普通碳素钢1-3号乙类钢生产的,厚度为2.5-8毫米,宽度为600-1800毫米,长度为2000-12000毫米。   花纹钢板的规格以基本厚度(突棱的厚度不计)表示,有2.5-8毫米10种规格。花纹板钢板用1-3号。    花纹钢板用钢牌号按GB/T700(碳素结构钢)、GB/T712(船体用结构钢)和GB/T4171(高耐候性结构钢)的规定供应。   乙类普通碳素结构钢轧制,化学成分符合GB700《普通碳素结构钢技术条件》的规定。    花纹板高不小于基板厚度0.2倍;    花纹钢板按实际重量或理论重量交货;    标记示例:用Q235-A制成的,尺寸为4*1000*4000mm.    圆豆花纹钢板,其标记为:圆豆形花纹钢板Q235-A-4*1000*4000-GB/T 3277-91    菱形花纹钢板,其标记为:菱形花纹钢板板B 3-4*1000*4000-GB 3277-82    钢板以热轧状态交货;花纹钢板表面不得有气泡、结疤、拉裂、折叠和夹杂、钢板不得有分层。    表面质量分为两级:    普通精度:钢板表面允许有薄层氧化铁皮、铁锈、由于氧化铁皮脱落所形成的表面粗糙和高度或深度古超过允许偏差的其他局部缺陷。花纹上允许有不明显的毛刺和高度不超过纹高的个别痕迹。单个缺陷的最大面积不超过纹长的平方。    较高精度:钢板表面允许有薄层氧化铁皮、铁锈和高度或深度不超过厚度公差之半的其他局部缺陷。    花纹完整无损,花纹上允许有高度不超过厚度公差之半的局部的轻微毛刺。型号 尺寸,mm 理论重量h b d kg/m10 100 68 4.5 11.26112.6 126 74 5 14.22314 140 80 5.5 16.8916 160 88 6 20.51318 180 94 6.5 24.14320a 200 100 7 27.92920b 200 102 9 31.06922a 220 110 7.5 33.0722b 220 112 9.5 36.52425a 250 116 8 38.10525b 250 118 10 42.0328a 280 122 8.5 43.49228b 280 124 10.5 47.88832a 320 130 9.5 52.71732b 320 132 11.5 57.74132c 320 134 13.5 62.76536a 360 136 10 30.03736b 360 138 12 65.68936c 360 140 14 71.34140a 400 142 10.5 67.59840b 400 144 12.5 73.87840c 400 146 14.5 80.15845a 450 150 11.5 80.4245b 450 152 13.5 87.48545c 450 154 15.5 94.5550a 500 158 12 93.65450b 500 160 14 101.50450c 500 162 16 109.35456a 560 166 12.5 106.31656b 560 168 14.5 115.10856c 560 170 16.5 123.963a 630 176 13 121.40763b 630 178 15 131.29863c 630 180 17 141.189(12) 120 74 5 13.987(24a) 240 116 8 37.477(24b) 240 118 10 41.245(27a) 270 122 8.5 42.825(27b) 270 124 10.5 47.064(30a) 300 126 9 48.084(30b) 300 128 11 52.794(30c) 300 130 13 57.504(55a) 550 166 12.5 105.335(55b) 550 168 14.5 113.97(55c) 550 170 16.5 122.605注:h-高度;b-腿宽度;d-腰厚度;()表示经供需双方协议可供应()中所规定的工字钢。 热轧槽钢理论重量速查表    (根据GB/T707-1988)型号 尺寸、mm 理论重量h b d kg/m5 50 37 4.5 5.4386.3 63 40 4.8 6.6348 80 43 5 8.04510 100 48 5.3 10.00712.6 126 53 5.5 12.31814a 140 58 6 14.53514b 140 60 8 16.73316a 160 63 6.5 17.2416b 160 65 8.5 19.75218a 180 68 7 20.17418b 180 70 9 2320a 200 73 7 22.63720b 200 75 9 25.77722a 220 77        7 24.99922b 220 79        9 28.45325a 250 78 7 27.4125b 250 80 9 31.33525c 250 82 11 35.2628a 280 82 7.5 31.42728b 280 84 9.5 35.82328c 280 86 11.5 40.21932a 320 90 8 38.08332b 320 88 10 43.10732c 320 90 12 48.13136a 360 92 9 47.81436b 360 96 11 5.46636c 360 98 13 59.11840a 400 100 10.5 58.92840b 400 102 12.5 65.20840c 400 104 14.5 71.488(6.5) 65 40 4.3 6.709(12) 120 53 5.5 12.059(24a) 240 78 7 26.86(24b) 240 80 9 30.628(24c) 240 82 11 34.396(27a) 270 82 7.5 30.838(27b) 270 84 9.5 35.077(27c) 270 86 11.5 39.316(30a) 300 85 7.5 34.463(30b) 300 87 9.5 39.173 花纹板理论重量速查表(根据GB/T3277-1991)基本 理论重量,kg/m²厚度 菱形 扁豆 圆豆2.5 21.6 21.3 21.13 25.6 24.4 24.33.5 29.3 28.4 28.34 33.4 32.4 32.34.5 37.3 36.4 36.25 42.3 40.5 40.25.5 46.2 44.3 44.16 50.1 48.4 48.17 59 52.6 52.48 66.8 56.4 56.2

钢板镀锌

2017-06-06 17:50:09

钢板镀锌是提高钢板耐锈蚀性能、装饰美观的一种工艺手法。目前,最常用的钢板镀锌方法是热镀锌。镀锌钢板是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀,延长其使用寿命,在钢板表面涂以一层 金属 锌,这种涂锌的钢板称为镀锌板或镀锌钢板。镀锌钢板广泛用于建筑、轻工、汽车、家电、电子、农牧渔业、商品包装等 行业 。近几年,我国建筑、家电等 行业 对镀锌板需求增长很快, 市场 潜力较大,尤其是近年来随着建筑轻型结构的迅速发展,轿车 产量 的逐年增加,家用电器的广泛普及,合资、独资企业电子产品的大量出口,使镀锌板的消费量增长较快。按生产方式分,镀锌板分为热镀锌板和电镀锌板。目前,国内镀锌板的生产无论是数量还是品种均不能满足 市场 需求,每年需要大量进口,国内镀锌板生产 市场 占有率较低,国内 市场 供不应求, 市场 潜力巨大。热镀锌钢板,将薄钢板浸入熔解的锌槽中,使其表面粘附一层锌的薄钢板。目前主要采用连续镀锌工艺生产,即把成卷的钢板连续浸在熔解有锌的镀槽中制成镀锌钢板;电镀锌钢板,用电镀锌法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性。但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板;单面镀和双面差镀锌板,单面镀锌钢板,即只在一面镀锌的产品。在焊接、涂装、防锈处理、加工等方面,具有比双面镀锌板更好的适应性。为克服单面未涂锌的缺点,又有一种在另面涂以薄层锌的镀锌板,即双面差镀锌板;合金化镀锌板,这种钢板也是用热浸镀锌法制造,但在出槽后,立即把它加热到500℃左右,使其生成锌和铁的合金被膜。这种镀锌板具有良好的涂料的密着性和焊接性;合金、复合镀锌板,它是用锌和其他 金属 如铅、锌制成合金乃至复合镀成的钢板。这种钢板既具有卓越的防锈性能,又有良好的涂装性能。国内镀锌钢板生产消费存在的主要问题:生产品种不全;缺少锌合金镀层板;生产规格单一;生 产量 不足,机组能力小。钢板镀锌能有效地延长钢板的腐蚀时间,使得钢板的利用价值得到提升,目前钢材 市场 的镀锌钢板的 价格 也在小幅度的上涨。

铝板吊顶施工工艺

2019-01-14 11:15:20

金属天花吊顶源自欧美等国家,十年前,铝天花被视为高档产品,国内鲜有人使用,现在随着工艺的改良和技术的改造,铝板在价格上开始趋于合理化,铝板吊顶广泛应用于机场、车站、写字楼、商场、地铁站及住宅等场所。    铝板吊顶重量轻、安装方便,铝板在工厂已经加工成型,并可以加工成任意形状,造型灵活。作为成品,安装完毕即可达到装饰的目的,不需在表面再做其他装饰。    主要施工方法    放线→安装吊杆→安装龙骨→安装铝板→细部调整与处理    放线    测量放线是吊顶工程中要求较为精密的一道工序,在控制吊顶平整度上起着重要作用。测量放线遵守先整体后局部的测控程序,主要是弹标高线和龙骨位置线。根据楼层标高水平线及设计标高将顶棚标高水平线弹到柱面和墙面上,还要严格按照图纸和依据轴线在顶板上弹出龙骨分档位置线,按照铝板的排版弹好吊点位置线。为保证铝板吊顶施工能够顺利进行,用标线仪、水准仪复核标高线和龙骨位置线,待准确无误后方可使用。    标高放线和龙骨控制线引自墙、柱面50线和轴线,将铝板吊顶设计标高和平面总的形态,特别是造型高差起浮的标志点在墙柱面上部或采用天花固定吊杆的方式进行标记,要求保证一定的密度,能反应天花造型的起浮。这项工作一方面是为下一步工作创造条件,另一方面是对现有天花情况,如风管、水管、电管、结构梁柱等情况的一次复核。    安装吊杆    在弹好顶棚标高水平线及龙骨位置线后,确定吊杆下端头的标高,按照已弹好的吊点位置,用冲击钻打眼,安装胀管螺栓,按吊顶标高确定吊杆长度,固定吊杆。间距宜为900-1200mm,吊点分布要均匀,安装必须要牢固。    安装龙骨    龙骨作为承重杆件,而同时又是固定板条的卡具,与板配套使用,可满足多功能的要求,具有材质轻、强度高、耐高温、耐腐蚀、防火、防潮、化学稳定性好和组装方便等特点。    安装龙骨,要严格按照标高线及放样图纸,并依据装修手册所示位置将材料不同、作法不同的区域分开安装龙骨,将组装好吊挂件的龙骨,按分档线位置安装。    调平龙骨是整个铝板吊顶工程中比较麻烦的一道工序,龙骨是否调平,也是吊顶质量控制的关键。因此只有龙骨调平才能使饰面达到理想的装饰效果,否则波浪式的吊顶表面,宏观看上去就不合乎要求。针对这一重要工序,应采取有效的措施来控制龙骨的平整度,拉纵横标高线,从一端开始,一边安装,一边调整,较后还要精调一遍,特别在两个流水段交界处更要下功夫,使得标高一致,无错台、错缝现象。    安装铝板    安装铝板是在龙骨调平的基础上进行的,依照铝板控制线从中间向一个方向依次逐次安装,采用配合吊顶的扣件固定到龙骨骨架上。铝板面板与钢龙骨间的接触面采用绝缘片做隔离处理,以防止产生电化学腐蚀。大面积铝板安装完毕后,由于重量的变化将会再次使龙骨产生挠度变化,造成面板局部平整度出现误差。等变形稳定后,对铝板进行调平工作,消化龙骨变形对面板平整度的影响。    细部调整与处理    灯饰、通风口、检查口同吊顶配合问题非常重要,尤其是大面积厅堂吊顶,设备安装复杂,从施工角度分析,灯饰、通风口、检查口等安装位置显著,在装饰效果上很引人注目。如果其他部位做得很好,而这些部位歪歪扭扭,则吊顶很难令人满意。烟感、自动喷淋、风口等设备,与吊顶表面衔接要得体,安装要吻合。这需要各专业之间复核图纸,发现差错,及时纠正。    质量要求    1、轻钢龙骨和铝板的材质、品种、式样、规格等都要符合设计的要求。轻钢龙骨安装位置正确,连接牢固,无松动。铝板面层应无脱层、翘曲、折裂、掉漆等缺陷,安装必须牢固。    2、轻钢龙骨的吊杆、龙骨安装必须正确、平直,无弯曲变形,吊挂件应符合产品组合的要求。铝板表面要洁净、色泽一致,无污染,无缺损。压条平直、宽窄一致。铝板接缝形式应符合设计要求,接缝宽窄一致,平直整齐,接缝应严密顺直。铝板表面的灯具、烟感器、喷淋头、风口箅子等设备的位置合理、美观,与饰面板的交接吻合、严密。    铝板吊顶施工注意事项    1脚手架搭设后,应进行检查,符合要求后方可上人操作,高处操作时,防止物体坠落伤人;在吊顶内作业时,应搭设马道,非上人吊顶严禁上人,现场操作用梯子注意防滑。    2现场设备及照明用电,应严格按规程操作;现场注意防火、防毒;安全员应结合工程具体情况,向操作人员做安全交底,并进行经常性的安全教育。    3各种外露的铁件,必须作防锈处理;安装灯具、通风罩时,不得损坏和污染吊顶;吊顶内的一切空调、消防、用电及电讯设备等,必须自行独立架设,不得与吊顶共用吊架;管道阀门及管线较复杂的部位,注意预留检修孔;吊顶内的消防管道,在未封罩面板之前,应试水试压完毕。    4所有焊接部分必须焊缝饱满,吊扣、挂件必须安装牢固;吊顶装饰安装完毕后,不得随意剔凿,如果需要安装设备,应用电钻打眼,严禁开大洞。    5吊顶安装完后,后续工程作业时应采取保护措施,以防污染。    6吊顶封板应安排在上层楼面、屋面防水工程完工后方可进行施工。    因铝扣板板型多,线条流畅,颜色丰富,外观效果良好,更具有防火、防潮、易安装、易清洗等特点,受到广大消费者的欢迎,现已被世人所认可。随着建筑业的发展和施工技术的不断提高,随着人们对装修质量要求的提高,从大量已用的工程效果来看,铝板吊顶确有其独特的风格,从艺术、吸声、防火、维修和使用年限等方面综合考虑,铝板吊顶均能较好地满足上述要求,是一种比较理想的吊顶形式,所以,铝板吊顶施工有很广阔的发展前景。

钢板常见分类

2019-03-18 11:00:17

钢板是钢材四大品种(板、管、型、丝)之一,在发达国家,钢板产量占钢材生产总量50%以上,随着我国国民经济的发展,钢板生产量逐渐增长。    钢板是一种宽厚比和表面积都很大的扁平钢材。钢板按厚度分为薄板和厚板两大规格。    薄钢板是用热轧或冷轧方法生产的厚度在0.2-4mm之间的钢板。薄钢板宽度在500-1400mm之间。根据不同的用途,薄钢板采用不同材质钢坯轧制而成。通常采用材质有普碳钢、优碳钢、合金结构钢、碳素工具钢、不锈钢、弹簧钢和电工用硅钢等。它们主要用于汽车工业、航空工业、搪瓷工业、电气工业、机械工业等部门。薄钢板除轧制后直接交货之外,还有经过酸洗的、镀锌和镀锡等种类。    厚钢板是厚度在4mm以上的钢板的统称,在实际工作中,常将厚度小于20mm的钢板称为中板,厚度>20mm至60mm的钢板称为厚板,厚度>60mm的钢板则需在专门的特厚板轧机上轧制,故称特厚板。厚钢板的宽度从0.6mm-3.0mm。厚板按用途又分造船钢板、桥梁钢板、锅炉钢板、高压容器钢板、花纹钢板、汽车钢板、装甲钢板和复合钢板等。    钢板的一个分支是钢带,钢带实际上是很长的薄板,宽度比较小,常成卷供应,也称为带钢。钢带常在多机架连续式轧机上生产,切成定尺长度后就是钢带,因此生产率比单张机制时高。    一、中厚板    (一)普通中厚钢板    1、普碳钢沸腾钢板(GB3274-88)    普碳钢沸腾钢板顾名思义是由普通碳素结构钢的沸腾钢热轧制成的钢板。沸腾钢是一种脱氧不完全的钢材,钢液含氧量较高,当钢水注入钢锭模后,碳氧反应产生大量气体,造成钢液呈沸腾状态而得名。沸腾钢含碳量低,且由于不用硅铁脱氧,故钢中含硅量常<0.07%。沸腾钢的外层是在沸腾状态下结晶的,所以表层纯净、致密,表面质量好,加工性能良好。沸腾钢没有大的集中缩孔,用脱氧剂少,钢材成本低。沸腾钢心部杂质多,偏析较严重,力学性能不均匀,钢中气体含量较多,韧性低、冷脆和时效敏感性较大,焊接性能较差,故不适用于制造承受冲击截荷,在低温下工作的焊接结构件和其他重要结构件。    沸腾钢板大量用制造各种冲压件、建筑及工程结构和一些不太重要的机器结构和零件。其材质的牌号、化学成分和力学性能符合GB700-79(88)(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)中沸腾钢的规定。热轧中厚钢板厚度为4.5-200mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、马钢、太钢、重庆钢厂、邯郸钢铁总厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、安阳钢钢公司、营口中板厂和天津钢厂等。    2、普碳钢镇静钢板(GB3274-88)    普碳镇静钢钢板是由普通碳素结构钢镇静钢坯热轧制成的钢板。镇静钢是脱氧完全的钢,钢液在注锭前用锰铁、硅铁和铝等进行充分脱氧,钢液在钢锭模中较平静,不产生沸腾状态,故得名为镇静钢。镇静钢的优点是化学成分均匀,所以各部分的机械性能也均匀,焊接性能和塑性良好、抗腐蚀性较强。但表面质量较差,有集中缩孔,成本也较高。    普通镇静钢板主要用于生产在低温下承受冲击的构件、焊接结构及其他要求较高强度的结构件。其材质的牌号、化学成分和力学性能符合GB700-79(88)(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)中镇静钢的规定。钢板的规格尺寸厚度4.5-200mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、舞阳钢铁公司、马钢、太钢、重庆钢厂、邯郸钢铁总厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、安阳钢铁公司、天津钢厂、营口中板厂、上钢一、三厂、韶关钢铁厂和济南钢铁厂等。    3、低合金结构钢板(GB3274-88)    低合金结构钢板是由低合金结构钢热轧制成的。低合金钢板都是镇静钢和半镇静钢板。其优点是强度较高、性能较好、能节省大量钢材、减轻结构重量等。低合金结构钢板越来越广泛用于机械制造和金属结构件等。热轧钢板厚度为4.5-200mm。生产单位包括鞍钢、武钢、舞阳钢铁公司、马钢、重庆钢厂、新余钢厂、柳州钢厂、昆明钢铁公司、天津钢厂、韶关特钢厂、安阳钢铁公司、上钢一、三厂和太钢等。    4、一般结构用热连轧钢板(GB2517-81)    主要用于建筑、桥梁、车辆等一般结构。钢板(带)厚度从1.2-13.0mm;宽度从700-1550mm;长度从2000-12000mm。    5、焊接结构用耐候钢板(GB4172-84)    耐候钢即耐大气腐蚀钢。焊接结构用耐候钢是在钢中加入少量的合金元素,如钢、铬、镍、钼、铌、钛、锆和钒等,使其在金属基体表面形成保护层,以提高钢材的耐候性,以及良好的焊接性能。主要用于桥梁、建筑及其他结构。    6、高耐候性结构钢钢板(GB4171-84)    耐候钢即耐大气腐蚀济。在钢中加入少量合金元素,如钢、磷、铬、镍、钼铌、钛、锆和钒等,使在金属基体表面形成保护层面提高钢材的耐候性能。主要适用于建筑、车辆、塔架和其他结构件。    7、花纹钢板(GB3277-82)    花纹钢板是其表面具有菱形或扁豆形突棱的钢板。其规格以其本身厚度(突棱的厚度不计)表示。花纹板具有防滑作用,常用作地板、厂房扶梯、工作架踏板、船舶甲板和汽车底板等。花纹板的材质用普通碳素结构钢的B1、B2和B3牌号钢轧制而成,其化学成分符合GB700-79(普通碳素结构钢技术条件)的规定。生产单位主要有鞍钢和安阳钢铁公司等。    8、桥梁用钢板(YB168-70)    桥梁钢板是专用于架造铁路或公路桥梁的钢板。要求有较高的强度、韧性以及承受机车车辆的载荷和冲击,且要有良好的抗疲劳性、一定的低温韧性和耐大气腐蚀性。拴焊桥梁用钢还应具有良好的焊接性能和低的缺口敏感性。主要用于铁路桥和公路桥其跨度在46-160mm之间的结构件。其规格:厚度从6-50mm、宽度从1.0-2.4mm、长度从2.0-16mm。我国生产桥梁用钢板主要有鞍钢、武钢、上钢三厂和重庆钢厂等单位。    9、船体结构用钢板(GB712-88)    船体结构用钢板简称船用板。由于船舶工作环境恶劣,船体壳要受海水的化学腐蚀、电化学腐蚀和海生物、微生物的腐蚀;船体承受较大的风浪冲击和交变负荷;船舶形状使其加工方法复杂等因素、所以对船体结构用钢要求严格。首先良好的韧性是最关键的要求,此外,要求有较高的强度,良好的耐腐蚀性能、焊接性能,加工成型性能以及表面质量。为保质量和保证有足够的韧性,要求化学成分的Mn/C在2.5以上,对碳当量也有严格要求,并由船检部门认可的钢厂生产。船体用结构钢分一般厚度和高强度钢两种,一般强度钢按质量分A、B、C和D四个等级;高强度钢又分两个强度级别和三个质量等级;AH32、DH32、EH32、AH36、DH36、EH36。    船体结构用钢板主要用于制造远洋、沿海和内河航运船舶的船体、甲板等的钢板。产品规格:厚度4.5-50mm、宽度1.0-2.2mm、长度4.0-12.0m。我国主要由武钢、马钢、上钢一、三厂、太钢、昆明钢铁公司和天津钢厂等生产。    10、锅炉用钢板(GB713-86)    按用途分,锅炉分工业锅炉和电站锅炉用两大类。工业锅炉通常是工业企业用于供热,属小型锅炉,其所用钢材为普通碳素结构钢和低合金结构钢。电站锅炉属大、中型锅炉,对钢材质量有特殊要求,一般要求具有优良综合性能的合金钢来制造。主要用于制作固定锅炉、船体锅炉及其他锅炉重要附件。钢板厚度从6-120mm。生产单位主要有鞍钢、武钢、上钢三厂、舞阳钢铁公司、柳州钢厂、重庆钢厂、太钢、昆明钢铁公司等生产。

65锰钢板价格

2017-06-06 17:49:53

65锰钢板价格,国内65锰钢板仍弱势盘整,市场成交较为冷清,钢厂公布采购价格低且量少,65锰钢板生产厂家信心差,亏损严重,较多地区小企业停炉、大厂选择减产,出口市场仍冷清,国际硅锰价格低于国内报价。国内65锰钢板FeMn65Si17市场出厂综合报价在6700-7100元/吨,FeMn60Si14市场报价在5400-6000元/吨,出口FOB报价在1030-1200美元。国内65锰钢板走势仍无起色,各地硅锰厂家亏损严重,钢厂采购价格低且采量少,虽目前各家报价暂无跌幅,但均表示,由于较多钢厂定价低,市场实际成交价格又有所小幅下调,较多厂家成本高,只能关停炉子,暂时不对外销售,以应对当前弱势。从矿石方面来看,同样受制于成交冷清,价格继续处于弱势,但由于国外矿石报价高,进口锰矿价格暂无太大跌幅,港口贸易商也不敢操作,对于短期内市场,各方均认为,由于整个钢铁体系的走弱,65锰钢板价格较难出现回暖可能,但市场大批硅锰企业关停,现货资源紧张致使个别地区价格小幅上调也不无可能。国内主要市场65锰钢板出厂价格继续持稳,市场成交略有转好。今日湖南地区的主流成交价维持在12300元/吨,部分厂家有12200元/吨的价格出货。目前市场上除重庆秀山地区有厂家陆续复工意以外其他地区产量基本稳定,下游需求近期也无太大的变动,这也是近期65锰钢板价格一直稳定的原因,厂家对后市也是比较茫然。有消息称民营钢厂本月第一次碰头会将于近日进行,本月的产量将成为主要探讨议题,之前外界一直预计本月民营钢厂将会继续减产。65锰钢板出口价格仍在2300美元/左右,尽管市场上询盘有所增加,但采购依然低迷。不过现在不锈钢行业已经开始出现回暖迹象,65锰钢板做为上游原料也会受到影响,不过有一定的滞后性。预计近期65锰钢板价格仍将平稳运行,长期或许有小幅上涨的可能。

电工钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

电工钢板(又称硅钢片、矽钢片)是指一种含碳量极低(经退火后,含碳量在0.005%以下)的硅铁软磁合金,一般硅含量为0.5%~4.5%,铁中加入硅可以提高其电阻率和最大导磁率。主要用来制造各种变压器、电动机和发电机的铁芯。电工钢板分为两大类,即取向电工钢板和无取向电工钢板。 开发电工钢板一种具有高导电性能和高耐蚀性的无铬钢板 ,据说这种无铬耐蚀的高导电性钢板是在其表面上涂复了一层很薄的无铬涂层 ,这种涂层既能提供耐蚀性又提高了其导电性。日本钢公司开发的一种新型电工钢板

镀锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:04

镀锌板是为防止钢板表面遭受腐蚀,延长其使用寿命,在钢板表面涂以一层 金属 锌,这种涂锌的钢板称为镀锌板或镀锌钢板。镀锌板广泛用于建筑、轻工、汽车、家电、电子、农牧渔业、商品包装等 行业 。近几年,我国建筑、家电等 行业 对镀锌板需求增长很快, 市场 潜力较大,尤其是近年来随着建筑轻型结构的迅速发展,轿车 产量 的逐年增加,家用电器的广泛普及,合资、独资企业电子产品的大量出口,使镀锌板的消费量增长较快。按生产方式分,镀锌板分为热镀锌板和电镀锌板。目前,国内镀锌板的生产无论是数量还是品种均不能满足 市场 需求,每年需要大量进口,国内镀锌板生产 市场 占有率较低,国内 市场 供不应求, 市场 潜力巨大。镀锌板按生产及加工方法可分为以下几类:①热浸镀锌板将薄钢板浸入熔解的锌槽中,使其表面粘附一层锌的薄钢板。目前主要采用连续镀锌工艺生产,即把成卷的钢板连续浸在熔解有锌的镀槽中制成镀锌钢板;②合金化镀锌板这种钢板也是用热浸镀锌法制造,但在出槽后,立即把它加热到500℃左右,使其生成锌和铁的合金被膜。这种镀锌板具有良好的涂料的密着性和焊接性;③电镀锌板用电镀锌法制造这种镀锌钢板具有良好的加工性。但镀层较薄,耐腐蚀性不如热浸法镀锌板;④单面镀和双面差镀锌板单面镀锌钢板,即只在一面镀锌的产品。在焊接、涂装、防锈处理、加工等方面,具有比双面镀锌板更好的适应性。为克服单面未涂锌的缺点,又有一种在另面涂以薄层锌的镀锌板,即双面差镀锌板;⑤合金、复合镀锌板它是用锌和其他 金属 如铅、锌制成合金乃至复合镀成的钢板。这种钢板既具有卓越的防锈性能,又有良好的涂装性能。镀锌板的外观(1)表面状态:镀锌板由于涂镀工艺中处理方式不同,表面状态也不同,如普通锌花、细锌花、平整锌花、无锌花以及磷化处理的表面等。(2)镀锌板应具有良好的外观,不得有对产品使用有害的缺陷,如无镀、孔洞、破裂以及浮渣、超过镀厚、擦伤、铬酸污垢、白锈等。国外标准对具体外观缺陷规定都不十分明确。国内镀锌板生产消费存在的主要问题1、生 产量 不足,机组能力小2、生产品种、规格、质量有待提高①生产品种不全②生产规格单一③缺少锌合金镀层板④热镀锌板原料自给率低总之,高质量、高档次的热镀锌板,尤其是汽车、家电用镀锌板,要求具有非常高的表面质量、优良的板型、不同的合金化镀层、深冲性能良好、强度高。因此,生产高质量热镀锌板生产是一个系统工程,对冶炼、连铸、热轧、冷轧、镀锌等一系列生产工序均提出质量一贯制的要求,生产难度较大。 

干挂铝塑板施工工艺

2019-01-11 15:42:57

①放线放线工作根据土建实际的中心线及标高点进行;饰面的设计以建筑物的轴线为依据铝塑板骨架由横竖件组成,先弹好竖向杆件的位置线,然后再将竖向杆件的锚固点确定。    ②安装固定连接件在放线的基础上,用电焊固定连接件,焊缝处防锈漆二度。连接件与主体结构上的预埋件焊接固定,当主体结构上没有埋设预埋铁件时,可在主体结构上打孔安设膨胀螺栓与连接铁件固定。    ③安装骨架用焊接方法安装骨架,安装随时检查标高,中心线位置,并同时将截面连接焊缝做防锈漆处理,固定连接件做隐蔽检查记录包括连接件焊缝长度、厚度、位置埋置标高、数量、嵌入深度。    ④安装铝塑板在型材内架上,先攻铣螺丝孔位,用铆钉将铝塑板饰面逐块固定在型钢骨架上;板与板之间的间隙为10~15㎜再注入硅酮耐候密封胶;铝板安装前严禁拆包装纸,直至竣工前方撕开包装保护膜;根据铝塑板箭头指示方向施工。

冷轧钢板

2019-03-18 11:00:17

冷轧钢板就是经过冷轧生产的钢板,俗称冷板。  冷轧是在室温条件下将No.1钢板进一步轧薄至为目标厚度的钢板。和热轧钢板比较,冷轧钢板厚度更加精确,而且表面光滑、漂亮,同时还具有各种优越的机械性能,特别是加工性能方面。因为冷轧原卷比较脆硬,不太适合加工,所以通常情况下冷轧钢板要求经过退火、酸洗及表面平整之后才交给客户。冷轧最大厚度是0.1--8.0MM以下,如大部份工厂冷轧钢板厚度是4.5MM以下;最少厚度、宽度是根据各工厂的设备能力和市场需求而决定。   一般来说,冷轧钢板分为三代产品:沸腾钢为第一代,铝镇静钢为第二代,无间隙原子刚(IF钢)为第三代。   您查询的关键词是:冷轧钢板  。如果打开速度慢,可以尝试快速版;如果想保存快照,可以添加到搜藏。 "冷轧钢板""2,冷轧钢板(YB459-64)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.9)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.9)""0.4","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","3.56",,"2.5","6000x1200 7000x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","22.25""0.45",,"4.01",,"2.75",,"24.48""0.5",,"4.45",,"3.0",,"26.70""0.6",,"5.34",,"3.5",,"31.50""0.7",,"6.23",,"4.0",,"35.60""0.8",,"7.12",,"4.5",,"40.05""0.9",,"8.01",,"5.0",,"44.50""1.0",,"8.90",,"5.5",,"48.95""1.1",,"9.79",,"6.0",,"53.40""1.2",,"10.68",,"6.5",,"57.85""1.35",,"12.02",,"7.0",,"62.30""1.5",,"13.35",,"7.5",,"66.75""1.65",,"14.60",,"8.0",,"71.20""1.8",,"16.02",,"9.0",,"80.10""2.0",,"17.80",,"10.0",,"89.00""2.25",,"20.03""冷轧铜条""2,冷轧铜条(YB459-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""0.20","200~400","500~800","1.78",,"2.50","200~500","500~2000","22.25""0.25",,,"2.23",,"2.75",,,"24.48""0.30",,,"2.67",,"3.00",,"1000~2000","26.70""0.35",,,"3.12",,"3.50",,,"31.15""0.40","200~500","500~2000","3.56",,"4.00",,,"35.60""0.45",,,"4.01",,"4.50",,,"40.05""0.50",,,"4.45",,"5.00",,,"44.50""0.60",,,"5.34",,"5.50",,,"48.95""0.70",,,"6.23",,"6.00",,,"53.40""0.80",,,"7.12",,"6.50",,,"57.85""0.90",,,"8.01",,"7.00",,,"62.30""1.00",,,"8.90",,"8.00",,,"71.20""1.20",,,"10.68",,"9.00",,,"80.10""1.30",,,"11.57",,"10.00",,,"89.00""1.40",,,"12.46",,"11.00",,,"97.90""1.50",,,"13.35",,"12.00",,,"106.8""1.60",,,"14.69",,"13.00",,,"115.7""1.80",,,"16.02",,"14.00",,,"124.6""2.00",,,"17.80",,"15.00",,,"133.5""注 铜板和条(热轧,冷轧)的制造牌号为T2,T3,T4和TU和TUP,其化学成分应符合YB145-71规定""特殊用冷轧黄铜条""3,特殊用冷轧黄铜条(YB555-65)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.8)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.8)""0.20","200~300","500~1000","1.76",,"1.6","200~500","500~2000","14.08""0.25",,,"2.20",,"1.8",,,"15.84""0.30","200~400",,"2.64",,"2.0",,,"17.60""0.35",,,"3.08",,"2.5",,,"22.00""0.40","200~500",,"3.52",,"2.75",,,"24.20""0.45",,,"3.96",,"3.0",,,"26.40""0.50",,"500~2000","4.40",,"3.5",,,"30.80""0.55",,,"4.84",,"4.0",,,"35.20""0.60",,,"5.28",,"4.5",,,"39.60""0.70",,,"6.16",,"5.0",,,"44.00""0.80",,,"7.04",,"5.5",,,"48.40""0.90",,,"7.92",,"6.0",,,"52.80""1.0",,,"8.8",,"6.5",,,"57.20""1.2",,,"10.56",,"7.0",,,"61.60""1.3",,,"11.44",,"8.0",,,"70.40""1.4",,,"12.32",,"9.0",,,"79.20""1.5",,,"13.20",,"10.0",,,"88.00""注 (1)标记举例:用H80制成的,厚度为0.8mm,宽度为300mm,长度为1000mm的1/2硬条标记为:"" 条H80-Y20.8x300x1000YB555-65."" (2)冷轧条分为定尺,倍尺和不定尺三种.""多面体的体积和表面积""多面体的体积和表面积""图形",,"尺寸符号",,"重心(G)""立方体",,,,"在对角线交点上""长方体∧棱柱∨",,,,"G0=h/2""三棱柱",,,,"Go=h/2""棱锥",,,,"Go=h/4""棱台""圆柱和空心圆柱∧管∨",,,,"Go=h/2""斜线直圆柱""直圆锥",,,,"Go=h/4""圆台""球",,,,"在球心上""球扇形∧球楔∨",,,,"Go=3/4(r-h/2)""球缺",,,,"Go=3(2r-h)2/4(3r-h)""圆环体∧胎∨",,,,"在环中心上""球带体",,,,"Go=h1+h/2""桶形",,,,"在轴交点上""椭球体",," a,b,c-半轴",,"在轴交点上""交叉圆柱体",,,,"在二轴交点上""梯形体""常用图形求面积,体积公式""常用图形求面积,体积公式""图形",,"尺寸符号","面积(F) 表面积(S)","重心(G)""正方形",,,,"在对角线交点上""长方形",,,,"在对角线交点上""三角形",,,,"GB=1/3BD CD=DA""平行四边形",,,,"对角线交点上""任意四边形""正多边形",,,,"在o点上""菱形",,,,"在对角线交点上""梯形""圆形",,,,"在圆心上""椭圆形",,"a·b-主轴","F= (π/4) a·b","在主轴交点G上""扇形""弓形""圆环",,,,"在圆心O""部分圆环""新月形",,,,"O1G=(π-P)L/2P","L d/10","2d/10 3d/10 4d/10","5d/10 6d/10 7d/10 ","8d/10 9d/10","P 0.40","0.79 1.18 1.56","1.91 2.25 2.55","2.81 3.02""抛物线形""等多边形",,," "," 在内,外接圆心处""冷轧黄钢板""4,冷轧黄钢板(YB460-71)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.5)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.5)""0.20","200~500 500~600 600~700 700~800 >800","1.70",,"2.00","200~500 500~600 600~700 700~800 >800","17.00""0.25",,"2.13",,"2.25",,"19.13""0.30",,"2.55",,"2.50",,"21.25""0.35",,"2.98",,"2.75",,"23.38""0.40",,"3.40",,"3.00",,"25.50""0.45",,"3.82",,"3.50",,"29.75""0.50",,"4.25",,"4.00",,"34.00""0.60",,"5.10",,"4.50",,"38.20""0.70",,"5.95",,"5.00",,"42.50""0.80",,"6.80",,"5.50",,"46.75""0.90",,"7.65",,"6.00",,"51.00""1.00",,"8.50",,"6.50",,"55.25""1.10",,"9.35",,"7.00",,"59.50""1.20",,"10.20",,"7.50",,"63.75""1.35",,"11.48",,"8.00",,"68.00""1.50",,"12.75",,"9.00",,"76.50""1.65",,"14.03",,"10.00",,"85.00""1.80",,"15.30""注 (1)冷轧软板仅供应H59,H62,H68,H80,H90,H96,HMn58-2,HPb59-1牌号.""(2)冷轧1/2硬板仅供应H62,H65,H68,H90,HMn58-2牌号.""(3)冷轧特硬板仅供应H62牌号.""(4)冷轧板材长度分为:定尺,倍尺和不定尺三种.其通常长度为500~2000mm,但长度不得小于宽度.""特殊用冷轧黄钢板""5,特殊用冷轧黄钢板(YB555-65)""厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.8)",,"厚度(mm)","宽度和长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)(比重:8.8)""0.4","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","3.52",,"2.25","600x1200 700x1430 800x1500 1000x2000","19.60""0.45",,"3.96",,"2.50",,"22.00""0.50",,"4.40",,"2.75",,"24.20""0.55",,"4.84",,"3.0",,"26.40""0.60",,"5.28",,"3.5",,"30.80""0.70",,"6.16",,"4.0",,"35.20""0.80",,"7.04",,"4.5",,"39.60""0.90",,"7.92",,"5.0",,"44.00""1.0",,"8.80",,"5.5",,"48.40""1.1",,"9.68",,"6.0",,"52.80""1.2",,"10.56",,"6.5",,"57.20""1.35",,"11.88",,"7.0",,"61.60""1.5",,"13.20",,"7.5",,"66.60""1.65",,"14.52",,"8.0",,"70.40""1.8",,"15.84",,"9.0",,"79.20""2.0",,"17.60",,"10.0",,"88.00""注 标记举例:用H90制成的,厚度为2.5mm,宽度为600mm,长度为1200mm的软板标记为:"" 板H90M2.5x600x1200xYB555-65.""铝及铝合金板""6,铝及铝合金板""厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)"0.5,"1.40",,"2.5","7.00",,"9.0","25.2",,"25","70.0"0.6,"1.68",,"3.0","8.40",,"10.0","28.0",,"30","84.0"0.8,"2.24",,"3.5","9.80",,"12.0","33.6",,"35","98.0""1.0","2.80",,"4.0","11.20",,"14.0","39.2",,"40","112.0""1.2","3.36",,"5.0","14.00",,"16.0","44.8",,"50","140.0""1.5","4.20",,"6.0","16.80",,"18.0","50.4",,"60","168.0""1.8","5.04",,"7.0","19.60",,"20.0","56.0",,"70","196.0""2.0","5.60",,"8.0","22.40",,"22.0","61.6",,"80","224.0""注 (1)板的宽度有1000,1200和500mm;板的长度有2000,3000和4000mm."" (2)理论重量按LY11,LY12和LD10等牌号铝合金的比重2.8计算,对于其他牌号的铝合金和工业纯铝,应乘以"" 下列换算系数:LD2-0.961;LF2-0.953;LF21-0.975;LC4-1.018;工业纯铝-0.967.""铅板""7,铅板(GB1470-79)""厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)",,"厚度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2)""1.0","11.37",,"3.0","34.11",,"5.0","56.85",,"9.0","102.33""1.5","17.06",,"3.5","39.80",,"6.0","68.22",,"10.0","113.70""2.0","22.74",,"4.0","45.48",,"7.0","79.59",,"12.0","136.44""2.5","28.43",,"4.5","51.17",,"8.0","90.96",,"16.0","170.55""注 (1)铅的化学成分按GB469-64标准."" (2)板材理论重量按比重为11.34计算,宽度按500mm进张."" (3)板材成卷供应,厚度大于15mm的板材,以片状供应,厚度不大于1.5mm的板材,应用木箱包装.""纯铜带"",纯铜带(YB464-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (m)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (m)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""0.05","18~150","≥20","0.44",,"0.50","18~300","≥10","4.45""0.06",,,"0.53",,"0.55",,,"4.90""0.07",,,"0.62",,"0.60",,,"5.34""0.08",,,"0.71",,"0.65",,,"5.79""0.09",,,"0.80",,"0.70",,,"6.23""0.10","18~300",,"0.89",,"0.75",,,"6.68""0.12",,,"1.07",,"0.80",,,"7.12""0.15",,,"1.34",,"0.85",,,"7.57""0.18",,,"1.60",,"0.90",,,"8.01""0.20",,,"1.78",,"1.00",,,"8.90""0.22",,,"1.96",,"1.10",,,"9.79""0.25",,,"2.23",,"1.20",,"≥7","10.68""0.30",,,"2.67",,"1.30",,,"11.57""0.35",,,"3.12",,"14.40",,,"12.46""0.40",,,"3.56",,"1.50",,,"13.35""0.45",,,"4.01""注 纯铜带的制造牌号为T2,T3,T4,TUP,其化学成分符合YB145-71的规定.""铝带""9,铝带""宽 度 (mm)","厚 度 (mm)","3","4","5","6","8","10","12","重 量 (kg/m)""10","0.080","0.107","0.134 0.161 0.268 0.335 0.402 0.536 0.670 0.804 1.072 1.340 1.608","0.161","0.214","0.268","0.322""12","0.096","0.129",,"0.193","0.257","0.322","0.386""15","0.121","0.161",,"0.241","0.322","0.402","0.482""20","0.161","0.214",,"0.322","0.429","0.568","0.643""25","0.201","0.268",,"0.402","0.568","0.670","0.804""30","0.241","0.332",,"0.482","0.643","0.804","0.965""40","0.322","0.429",,"0.643","0.858","1.072","1.286""50","0.402","0.536",,"0.804","1.072","1.340","1.608""60","0.482","0.643",,"0.965","1.286","1.608","1.930""80","0.643","0.858",,"1.286","1.715","2.144","2.573""100","0.804","1.072",,"1.608","2.144","2.680","3.216""120","0.965","1.286",,"1.930","2.573","3.216","3.859""注 表中重量系以LY11,LY12,(比重2.8)为准,其他合金应乘以下列系数:"" L1~L6-0.967;LF2-0.953;LF21-0.975.""热轧铜条""1,热轧铜条(YB459-64)""厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)",,"厚 度 (mm)","宽度 (mm)","长度 (mm)","理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)""4.0","200~500","≥1000","35.60",,"8.0","200~500","≥1000","71.20""4.5",,,"40.05",,"9.0",,,"80.10""5.0",,,"44.05",,"10.0",,,"89.0""5.5",,,"48.95",,"11.0",,,"97.9""6.0",,,"53.40",,"12.0",,,"106.8""6.5",,,"57.85",,"13.0",,,"115.7""7.0",,,"62.30",,"14.0",,,"124.6""7.5",,,"66.75",,"15.0",,,"133.5""英国标准线规(BWG)号数与线径的关系""(二)英国标准线规(BWG)号数与线径的关系""线规号码","in.","mm",,"线规号码","in.","mm",,"线规号码","in.","mm""0","0.324","8.230",,"14","0.080","2.032",,"28","0.0148","0.376""1","0.300","7.020",,"15","0.072","1.829",,"29","0.0136","0.345""2","0.276","7.010",,"16","0.064","1.626",,"30","0.0124","0.315""3","0.252","6.401",,"17","0.056","1.422",,"31","0.0116","0.295""4","0.232","5.893",,"18","0.048","1.219",,"32","0.0108","0.274""5","0.212","5.385",,"19","0.040","1.016",,"33","0.0100","0.254""6","0.192","4.877",,"20","0.036","0.914",,"34","0.0092","0.234""7","0.176","4.470",,"21","0.032","0.813",,"35","0.0084","0.213""8","0.160","4.064",,"22","0.028","0.711",,"36","0.0076","0.193""9","0.144","3.658",,"23","0.024","0.610",,"37","0.0068","0.173""10","0.128","3.251",,"24","0.022","0.559",,"38","0.0060","0.152""11","0.116","2.946",,"25","0.020","0.508",,"39","0.0052","0.132"12,"0.104","2.642",,"26","0.018","0.457",,"40","0.0048","0.122"13,"0.092","2.337",,"27","0.0164","0.417",,"41","0.0044","0.112""刺钢丝""三)刺钢丝规格和重量""说 明 和 用 途",,"钢丝划号 (号)","刺间距离 (mm)","每kg长度 (m)","重量 (kg/km)""刺钢丝又名刺铁丝,俗称"花园铅丝"(因常作花园围墙篱笆之用,故名),系以镀锌钢丝经机器铰缠而成(一般用#12或#14钢丝制作).适于作各种围墙(尤其是公园围墙和临时建筑场地 的围墙)篱笆或障碍物用.",,"12","65","6.4","156",,,"75","7.2","139",,,"100","7.9","127",,,"125","8.6","116",,"14","65","10.9","91.8",,,"75","11.5","86.9",,,"100","13.0","76.9",,,"125","14.0","71.4""注 (1)刺钢丝规格的注写方法为"钢丝直径(号数)x尖数x刺间距离",或"钢丝直径(号数)x刺间距离"."" (2)表列刺钢丝的"每kg长度"和"重量",仅供参考.""刻痕钢丝""四)刻痕钢丝规格和重量""直径 (mm)","断面积 (mm2)","重量 (kg/m)"," 抗 拉 强 度 (kg/mm2)",,"屈 服 强 度 (kg/mm2)",,,"I组","II组","I组","II组""2.5","4.90","0.034","190","160","152","128""3","7.06","0.056","180","150","144","120""4","12.56","0.094","170","140","136","112""5","19.63","0.150","160","130","126","104""注 刻痕钢丝是由预应力混凝土结构用碳素钢丝(冷拔高强度钢丝)在经特制的"刻痕机"进行刻痕而制成的"" 预应力钢筋混凝土结构用的钢丝.""钢丝网""五)钢丝网规格和重量""号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)",,"号数","钢丝直径(mm)","重量(kg/m2)"20,"1.6","1.5",,"6","2.0","6.7",,"2.5","0.7","2.0",,"1","0.3","0.9","3.0","5.1",,"5.5","0.5","0.6",,"2.2","0.45","1.0",,,"0.35","1.2""18","1.6","1.7",,,"1.6","4.7",,,"0.6","1.6",,"0.9","0.25","0.7","3.0","5.7",,,"2.0","7.2",,,"0.8","2.9",,,"0.3","1.0""16","1.6","1.9",,"5","0.7","1.1",,"2","0.4","0.9",,,"0.4","1.6","3.0","6.3",,,"1.4","4.1",,,"0.5","1.3",,"0.8","0.22","0.6""14","1.4","1.7",,,"2.2","8.9",,,"0.6","1.9",,,"0.28","0.9","2.5","4.9",,"4.5","0.5","0.7",,,"1.2","6.0",,,"0.3","1.0""12","1.2","1.4",,,"1.0","2.3",,"1.8","0.4","0.9",,"0.7","0.2","0.6","2.5","5.7",,,"1.8","6.8",,,"0.5","1.4",,,"0.25","0.9""11","1.2","1.5",,"4","0.6","1.0",,,"0.7","2.6",,,"0.30","1.2","2.5","6.1",,,"1.0","2.6",,"1.6","0.3","0.6",,"0.63","0.22","0.7""10","1.0","1.2",,,"1.4","4.8",,,"0.4","1.0",,,"0.25","0.9","2.5","6.6",,"3.5","0.7","1.5",,,"0.45","1.3",,,"0.28","1.2""9","1.0","1.3",,,"1.0","2.9",,"1.4","0.30","0.7",,"0.56","0.22","0.8","2.2","5.7",,,"1.2","4.0",,,"0.35","0.9",,,"0.25","1.0""8","0.7","0.7",,"3.2","0.45","0.7",,,"0.65","2.7",,,"0.28","1.2","1.2","2.1",,,"0.9","2.7",,"1.2","0.28","0.7",,"0.5","0.22","0.9","1.8","4.5",,,"1.2","4.3",,,"0.35","1.0",,,"0.25","1.1""7","0.7","0.8",,"2.8","0.4","0.7",,,"0.4","1.3",,,"0.3","1.5","1.2","2.3",,,"0.7","1.8",,"1.1","0.28","0.7",,"0.45","0.2","0.8","1.8","5.0",,,"1.0","3.6",,,"0.35","1.1",,,"0.25","1.2""6","0.7","0.9",,"2.5","0.4","0.7",,,"0.40","1.4",,,"0.2","0.9","1.2","2.7",,,"0.5","1.1",,"1","0.25","0.7",,"0.4","0.25","1.3""钢板网""六)钢板网规格和重量""品 种","规 格 (mm)",,,,,,"每张大约重量(kg)","生产单位","丝梗厚度 h","孔眼宽度 T","丝梗宽度 b","节 距 t","网面宽度 B","网面长度 L""小","0.5","9","1","25","1800","600","0.875","上海中国钢板网厂",,,,,"2000",,"0.875","0.6","9","1","25","1800","600","1.000",,,,,"2000",,"1.125","0.7","9","1","25","1800","600","1.125",,,,,"2000",,"1.250""网","0.75","9","1","25","1800","600","1.250",,,,,"2000",,"1.375","0.8","9","1","25","1800","600","1.375",,,,,"2000",,"1.500","1","9","1","25","1500","600","1.625",,,,,"1800",,"1.875",,,,,"2000",,"2.125""大","0.5","7","1.2","2.5","1800","2800","5.85","上海中国钢板网厂","1","7","1.2","25","1800","2800","11.70",,"9","1.2","25","1500","3000","7.95",,,,,"1800","3600","11.70",,"9","1.1","25","2000","4000","14.76",,"11","1.6","40","1800","3600","11.70",,,,,"2000","4000","14.60","1.2","7","1.2","25","1800","2800","14.04",,"9","1.2","25","1800","3600","14.04",,,"1.1","25","2000","4000","17.71",,"11","1.6","40","1800","3600","14.04""网",,,,,"2000","4000","17.71","1.5","11","1.6","40","1800","3600","17.55",,"17","2.3","65","2000","4000","22.14","2","17","2.3","65","1500","3000","15.90",,,,,"1800","3600","23.41",,,,,"2000","4000","29.52",,"22","3.0","75","1500","3000","15.90",,,,,"1800","3600","23.41",,,,,"2000","4000","29.52",,"27","3.8","100","2000","4000","29.52","3","36","4.6","115","2000","4000","44.28",,"45","6.1","150""钢丝纱""七)钢丝纱(窗纱)规格和重量""规 格","面 积(m2/卷)","重 量",,"(kg/卷)","(kg/m2)""14目3x100","27.87","12.5","0.448""14目4x100","37.16","16.6","0.448""16目3x100",27.87,13.5,"0.484""16目4x100",37.16,"18.0","0.484""紫铜丝布""(八)紫铜丝布(紫铜纱)规格和重量""网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)""8","22","2.691",,"30","30","2.5116",,"65","36","1.9734""10","24","2.691",,"35","31","1.9734",,"70","36","1.9734""12","24","3.0498",,"40","32","1.9734",,"75","37","1.9734""16","26","2.1528",,"45","33","1.9734",,"80","37","1.9734""20","27","2.1528",,"50","34","1.9734",,"100","39","1.7940""24","30","2.1528",,"55","35","1.9734""28","30","2.3322",,"60","35","1.7940""黄铜丝布""(九)黄铜丝布(黄铜纱)规格和重量""网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)",,"网 孔 目","铜 丝 线 号","净 重(kg/m2)""8","24","1.5787",,"24","34","0.8611",,"50","38","0.6458""10","26","1.2375",,"26","34","0.8252",,"60","41","0.3947""12","27","1.2558",,"28","36","0.5386",,"70","42","0.3347""14","27","1.3276",,"30","36","0.5741",,"80","43","0.3767""16","32","0.6100",,"32","36","0.6100",,"90","43","0.4306""18","33","0.6100",,"34","36","0.6279",,"100","43","0.5023""20","33","0.7176",,"36","36","0.7176",,"110","44","0.3347""22","33","0.8611",,"40","36","0.4844",,"120","44","0.4485""铝及铝合金直角角型材""1,铝及铝合金直角角型材(XC111)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,"截面面积(mm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H=B","b",,,,,"H=B","b",,,,,"H=B","b"1,"12","1","0.234","0.065",,"25","25","1.3","0.734","0.204",,"49","38.3","5","3.590","0.998"2,"12","2","0.440","0.122",,"26","25","1.6","0.777","0.216",,"50","38.3","6.3","4.444","1.235"3,"12.5","1.6","0.377","0.105",,"27","25","2","0.964","0.268",,"51","40","2","1.564","0.435"4,"15","1","0.294","0.082",,"28","25","2.5","1.189","0.331",,"52","40","2.5","1.944","0.540"5,"15","1.2","0.353","0.098",,"29","25","3","1.410","0.392",,"53","40","3","2.320","0.645"6,"15","1.5","0.434","0.121",,"30","25","3.2","1.509","0.429",,"54","40","3.5","2.671","0.743"7,"15","2","0.564","0.157",,"31","25","3.5","1.641","0.456",,"55","40","3.5","2.694","0.749"8,"15","3","0.820","0.223",,"32","25","4","1.857","0.516",,"56","40","4","3.057","0.850"9,"16","1.6","0.429","0.119",,"33","25","5","2.242","0.623",,"57","40","5","3.750","1.043"10,"16","2.4","0.726","0.202",,"34","27","2","1.041","0.289",,"58","45","4","3.475","0.961"11,"18","1.5","0.524","0.146",,"35","27","2","1.090","0.303",,"59","45","5","4.277","1.189"12,"18","2","0.684","0.190",,"36","30","1.5","0.884","0.246",,"60","50","3","2.920","0.812"13,"19","1.6","0.585","0.163",,"37","30","2","1.164","0.324",,"61","50","4","3.857","1.072"14,"19","2.4","0.861","0.239",,"38","30","2.5","1.438","0.400",,"62","50","5","4.777","1.328"15,"19","3.2","1.125","0.313",,"39","30","3","1.720","0.478",,"63","50","6","5.655","1.572"16,"20","1","0.397","0.110",,"40","30","4","2.240","0.623",,"64","50","6.5","6.110","1.699"17,"20","1.2","0.473","0.131",,"41","32","2.4","1.491","0.415",,"65","50","12","10.600","2.947"18,"20","1.5","0.584","0.162",,"42","32","3.2","1.957","0.554",,"66","60","5","5.777","1.606"19,"20","2","0.764","0.212",,"43","32","3.5","2.131","0.592",,"67","60","6","6.855","1.906"20,"20","3","1.140","0.137",,"44","32","6.5","3.723","1.036",,"68","75","7","10.010","2.783"21,"20","4","1.475","0.410",,"45","35","3","2.005","0.557",,"69","75","8","11.360","3.158"22,"20.5","1.6","0.633","0.176",,"46","35","4","2.657","0.739",,"70","75","10","14.000","3.892"23,"23","2","0.680","0.245",,"47","38","2.4","1.773","0.498",,"71","90","5","8.750","2.433"24,"25","1.2","0.597","0.166",,"48","38.3","3.5","2.562","0.712",,"72","90","8","13.760","3.825""注 (1)铝及铝合金型材的尺寸,规格等摘自冶金工业部1970年颁发的《铝及铝镁合金挤压型材》."" (2)表内理论重量均按LY12合金比重(2.78)进行计算,其他材料的比重及换算系数如下:L1~L7(2.71)-0.975;"" LF2(2.68)-0.964;LF11(2.65)-0.953;LF21(2.73)-0.982;LD2(2.70)-0.971;"" LY11(2.80)-1.007;LY12(2.78)-1.000."" (3)铝型材主要生产单位有哈尔滨和西北铝加工厂等.西北铝加工厂的产品断面为100~400cm2,宽度小于530mm."" (4)铝及铝合金型材规格的表示方法是型材类别组号加序号,如XC111-4,其中,XC表示型材,后面的数字依次为"" 类别,组号,连字符后的数字为顺序号.""铝及铝合金直丁字型材""2,铝及铝合金直丁字型材(XC211)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"15","25","1","0.405","0.113",,"34","32","45","3","2.259","0.628"2,"19","50","2","1.378","0.383",,"35","32","48","2.4","1.874","0.521"3,"20","20","2","0.760","0.211",,"36","32","50","3","2.423","0.674"4,"20","30","1.5","0.740","0.206",,"37","35","32","1.5","1.000","0.278"5,"20","35","2","1.060","0.295",,"38","35","35","4","2.713","0.754"6,"20","37","2","1.117","0.311",,"39","35","40","2","1.468","0.408"7,"20","42","2","1.200","0.334",,"40","37","42","2","1.500","0.417"8,"20","42","2","1.240","0.345",,"41","38","44","5","3.910","1.087"9,"20","45","2","1.860","0.517",,"42","38","50","3.5","3.026","0.841"10,"20","90","2","2.160","0.600",,"43","38","50","4.8","3.990","1.109"11,"21","53","1.8","1.300","0.361",,"44","39","75","5","5.510","1.532"12,"22","48","1.4","1.960","0.267",,"45","40","36","5","3.350","0.933"13,"25","29","1.6","0.847","0.25",,"46","40","45","3","2.479","0.689"14,"25","35","1.5","0.890","0.247",,"47","40","45","4","3.274","0.910"15,"25","38","2.5","1.510","0.420",,"48","40","68","3","3.300","0.917"16,"25","40","2","1.280","0.356",,"49","40","130","6","9.840","2.736"17,"25","45","2.5","1.726","0.480",,"50","42","64","4","4.100","1.140"18,"25","45","3","2.019","0.561",,"51","45","40","2.2","1.860","0.517"19,"25","45","4","2.708","0.753",,"52","50","70","4","4.640","1.300"20,"25","48","1.4","1.012","0.288",,"53","51","51","2.4","2.443","0.679"21,"25","48","1.5","1.082","0.301",,"54","54","50","3","3.040","0.845"22,"25","50","2","1.499","0.417",,"55","54","68","3","3.608","1.003"23,"25","50","2.5","1.851","0.515",,"56","64","50","5","5.781","1.607"24,"26","38","2.5","1.554","0.432",,"57","63","50","2","2.320","0.645"25,"27","70","2","1.920","0.534",,"58","70","37","2","2.100","0.584"26,"29","38","1.6","1.055","0.293",,"59","70","55","2","2.460","0.684"27,"29","58","2.5","2.180","0.606",,"60","74","66","6","8.080","2.246"28,"29","58","3.5","2.991","0.831",,"61","75","40","3","3.400","0.945"29,"30","40","1.5","1.040","0.289",,"62","80","50","2","2.560","0.712"30,"30","40","2","1.370","0.381",,"63","80","60","3","4.110","1.143"31,"30","45","3","2.150","0.597",,"64","83","50","3","3.953","1.099"32,"30","56","4","3.280","0.912",,"65","90","77","10","15.700","4.365"33,"30","68","6.5","6.100","1.696""热轧铜板""1,热轧铜板(YB459-64)""厚度(mm)","宽 度 (mm)",,,,,,,,"理论重量(kg/m2) (比重:8.9)","600~900","1000~1200","1300~1500","1600~1800","1900~2200","2300~2500","2600~2800","2900~3000","最 大 长 度 (mm)""5.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"44.50""5.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"48.95""6.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"53.40""6.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"57.85""7.0","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"62.30""7.5","3500","4000","6000","6000",,,,,"66.75""8.0","4000","5000","6000","5500","4800","4200","3700","3500","71.20""9.0","4000","5000","6000","5000","4200","3700","3300","3100","80.10""10.0","4000","5000","5500","4500","3800","3300","3000","3000","89.0""11.0","4000","5000","5000","4000","3400","3300","2800",,"97.9""12.0","4000","5000","4500","3800","3100","2800",,,"106.8""13.0","4000","5000","4000","3600","2900",,,,"115.7""14.0","4000","4500","3800","3300","2700",,,,"124.6""15.0","4500","4300","3600","3100","2500",,,,"133.5""16.0","4500","4300","3400","2000","2400",,,,"142.4""17.0","4500","4000","3200","2700","2200",,,,"151.3""18.0","4500","3900","3000","2600",,,,,"160.2""19.0","4500","3700","2800","2400",,,,,"169.1""20.0","4500","3500","2600","2300",,,,,"178.0""21.0","4000","3300","2500","2200",,,,,"186.9""22.0","4000","3000","2400","2100",,,,,"195.8""23.0","4000","3000","2400","2000",,,,,"204.7""24.0","3500","2800","2200","1900",,,,,"213.6""25.0","3500","2800","2000","1800",,,,,"222.5""注 热轧板的宽度按100mm进级.""铝及铝合金等边等壁工字型材""4,铝及铝合金等边等壁工字型材(XC511)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积 (mm2)","理论重量 (kg/m)","H","B","b"1,"23","38","1.2","1.178","0.327"2,"26","34.5","3.5","3.157","0.875"3,"57","48","8","11.000","3.058"4,"68","38","2.5","3.509","0.976"5,"86","60","6","11.600","3.225""铝及铝合金等边等壁Z字形型材""4,铝及铝合金等边等壁Z字形型材(XC411)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"12.7","15.9","1.6","0.688","0.191",,11,"38","25","3","2.613","0.726"2,"20","15","1.2","0.578","0.163",,12,"44","25","4","3.690","1.001"3,"20","15","1.5","0.721","0.200",,13,"50","19","2.5","2.102","0.584"4,"25","18","1.5","0.885","0.246",,14,"80","30","3","4.020","1.118"5,"25","23","3.5","2.267","0.630",,15,"80","35","4","5.680","1.579"6,"31","25","2.5","1.900","0.528",,16,"80","40","4","6.080","1.690"7,"32","14","1.9","1.000","0.303",,17,"100","30","3","4.620","1.284"8,"34","25","3.5","2.764","0.768",,18,"100","35","4","6.480","1.801"9,"36","26","2.5","2.075","0.577",,19,"100","40","4","6.880","1.913"10,"36","31.5","3.2","2.960","0.823""铝及铝合金槽形型材""3,铝及铝合金槽形型材(XC311)""序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)",,"序 号","主要尺寸(mm)",,,"截面面积(cm2)","理论重量(kg/m)","H","B","b",,,,,"H","B","b"1,"13","13","1.6","0.561","0.156",,"31","45","40","3","3.638","1.011"2,"13","34","3.5","2.579","0.717",,"32","46","25","5","4.300","1.195"3,"20","15","1.3","0.620","0.172",,"33","50","20","4","5.331","0.926"4,"21","28","4","2.868","0.797",,"34","50","30","2","2.120","0.589"5,"25","13","2.4","1.134","0.315",,"35","50","30","4","4.131","1.148"6,"25","15","1.5","0.795","0.221",,"36","55","25","5","4.819","1.340"7,"25","18","1.5","0.870","0.242",,"37","55","30","3","3.299","0.917"8,"25","18","2","1.140","0.317",,"38","60","25","4","4.131","1.148"9,"25","20","2.5","1.520","0.423",,"39","60","35","5","6.000","1.668"10,"25","20","4","2.280","0.634",,"40","60","40","4","4.480","1.245"11,"25","25","5","3.250","0.904",,"41","63","38.3","4.8","6.275","1.744"12,"30","15","1.5","0.870","0.242",,"42","64","38","4","5.300","1.473"13,"30","18","1.5","0.960","0.267",,"43","70","25","3","3.449","0.959"14,"30","20","2","1.335","0.371",,"44","70","25","5","5.500","1.529"15,"30","22","6","3.870","1.076",,"45","70","26","3.2","3.700","1.028"16,"32","25","1.8","1.437","0.399",,"46","70","30","4","4.931","1.371"17,"32","25","2.5","1.925","0.535",,"47","70","40","5","7.080","1.968"18,"35","20","2.5","1.770","0.492",,"48","75","45","5","7.831","2.177"19,"35","30","2","1.833","0.510",,"49","80","30","4.5","6.010","1.671"20,"38","50","5","6.560","1.824",,"50","80","35","4.5","6.414","1.783"21,"40","18","2","1.453","0.404",,"51","80","35","6","8.280","2.302"22,"40","18","2.5","1.795","0.499",,"52","80","40","4","6.131","1.704"23,"40","18","3","2.129","0.592",,"53","80","40","6","8.900","2.474"24,"40","21","4","2.960","0.823",,"54","80","60","4","7.480","2.079"25,"40","25","2","1.730","0.481",,"55","90","50","6","10.680","2.969"26,"40","25","3","2.549","0.709",,"56","100","40","6","10.080","2.802"27,"40","30","3.5","3.250","0.904",,"57","100","48","6.3","11.550","3.211"28,"40","32","3","2.978","0.828",,"58","100","50","5","9.580","2.663"29,"40","50","4","5.280","1.468",,"59","128","40","9","17.100","4.754"30,"45","20","3","2.370","0.659""冷拔(轧)无缝钢管1""2,冷拔(轧)无缝钢管(YB231-70)""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)","0.25","0.30","0.40","0.50","0.60","0.80","1.0","1.2",1.4,"1.5",1.6,1.8,"2.0","2.2","2.5","2.8","3.0","3.2","3.5","4.0","4.5","5.0","钢 管 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""50",,,,,,,"1.21","1.44","1.68","1.79","1.91","2.14","2.37","2.59","2.93","3.25","3.48","3.70","4.01","4.54","5.05","5.55""(51)",,,,,,,"1.23","1.47","1.71","1.83","1.96","2.18","2.42","2.64","2.99","3.32","3.55","3.79","4.10","4.64","5.16","5.67""53",,,,,,,"1.28","1.53","1.78","1.91","2.03","2.27","2.52","2.76","3.11","3.46","3.70","3.94","4.27","4.83","5.38","5.92""(54)",,,,,,,"1.31","1.59","1.82","1.94","2.07","2.31","2.56","2.81","3.18","3.53","3.77","4.02","4.36","4.93","5.49","6.04""56",,,,,,,"1.36","1.62","1.89","2.02","2.15","2.40","2.66","2.92","3.30","3.66","3.92","4.17","4.53","5.13","5.71","6.29""(57)",,,,,,,"1.38","1.65","1.92","2.05","2.18","2.45","2.71","2.97","3.36","3.74","4.00","4.25","4.62","5.23","5.83","6.41""60",,,,,,,"1.46","1.74","2.02","2.16","2.31","2.58","2.86","3.13","3.55","3.94","4.22","4.49","4.88","5.52","6.16","6.78""63",,,,,,,"1.53","1.83","2.13","2.27","2.42","2.71","3.01","3.30","3.72","4.15","4.44","4.73","5.13","5.81","6.49","7.14""65",,,,,,,"1.58","1.89","2.20","2.35","2.50","2.80","3.11","3.40","3.85","4.29","4.59","4.89","5.31","6.02","6.71","7.40""(68)",,,,,,,"1.65","1.98","2.36","2.46","2.62","2.93","3.26","3.57","4.04","4.49","4.81","5.12","5.57","6.31","7.05","7.77""70",,,,,,,"1.70","2.03","2.37","2.53","2.70","3.02","3.35","3.68","4.16","4.36","4.96","5.23","5.74","6.51","7.27","8.01""(73)",,,,,,,"1.78","2.12","2.47","2.64","2.82","3.16","3.50","3.84","4.35","4.84","5.18","5.52","6.00","6.81","7.60","8.38""75",,,,,,,"1.82","2.18","2.54","2.71","2.90","3.24","3.60","3.95","4.46","4.97","5.32","5.68","6.17","7.00","7.82","8.62""(76)",,,,,,,"1.85","2.21","2.57","2.76","2.94","3.29","3.65","4.00","4.53","5.05","5.40","5.75","6.26","7.10","7.93","8.75""80",,,,,,,,,"2.71","2.90","3.09","3.47","3.84","4.22","4.77","5.32","5.69","6.07","6.60","7.49","8.37","9.24""(83)",,,,,,,,,"2.82","3.02","3.21","3.60","4.00","4.37","4.96","5.52","5.92","6.31","6.86","7.79","8.71","9.62""85",,,,,,,,,"2.88","3.08","3.29","3.69","4.09","4.48","5.08","5.66","6.06","6.46","7.04","7.98","8.93","9.83""(89)",,,,,,,,,"3.02","3.24","3.45","3.86","4.29","4.70","5.33","5.94","6.36","6.77","7.38","8.38","9.38","10.33""90",,,,,,,,,"3.05","3.27","3.49","3.91","4.34","4.76","5.39","6.01","6.43","6.86","7.47","8.47","9.49","10.47""95",,,,,,,,,"3.21","3.46","3.68","4.13","4.59","5.02","5.70","6.36","6.81","7.26","7.90","8.98","10.04","11.10"100,,,,,,,,,"3.40","3.64","3.88","4.35","4.83","5.30","6.00","6.70","7.17","7.65","8.32","9.46","10.59","11.70""(102)",,,,,,,,,"3.46","3.73","3.97","4.45","4.93","5.40","6.13","6.84","7.32","7.81","8.50","9.67","10.82","11.96""(108)",,,,,,,,,"3.67","3.95","4.21","4.72","5.23","5.74","6.50","7.25","7.77","8.29","9.02","10.26","11.49","12.70"110,,,,,,,,,"3.74","4.03","4.28","4.81","5.32","5.84","6.62","7.39","7.92","8.43","9.19","10.46","11.70","12.93"120,,,,,,,,,,"4.36","4.66","5.25","5.83","6.38","7.24","8.07","8.66","9.22","10.06","11.44","12.93","14.30"125,,,,,,,,,,,,"5.46","6.06","6.64","7.54","8.42","9.02","9.61","10.50","11.91","13.37","14.80"130,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"7.86","8.78","9.40","10.00","10.92","12.43","13.92","15.48""(133)",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"8.05","8.98","9.59","10.25","11.18","12.75","14.26","15.75"140,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"10.11","10.79","11.80","13.42","15.05","16.65"150,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"10.85","11.52","12.65","14.39","16.11","17.85"160,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"13.53","15.38","17.25","19.09"170,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"14.31","16.31","18.35","20.30"180,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"15.20","17.30","19.50","21.59"190,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"18.29","20.60","22.80"200,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,"19.67","21.65","24.00""冷拔(轧)无缝钢管2""2,冷拔(轧)无缝钢管(YB231-70)""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)","3.0","3.2","3.5","4.0","4.5","5.0","5.5","6.0","6.5","7.0","7.5","8.0","8.5","9","9.5","10",11,12,"钢 管 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""5""6""7""8""9""10","0.518","0.536","0.561""11","0.592","0.615","0.647""12","0.666","0.694","0.734","0.789""(13)","0.740","0.774","0.820","0.888""14","0.814","0.852","0.906","0.986""(15)","0.888","0.932","0.993","1.09","1.17","1.23""16","0.962","1.10","1.08","1.18","1.28","1.35""(17)","1.04","1.09","1.17","1.28","1.39","1.48""18","1.11","1.17","1.25","1.38","1.50","1.60""(19)","1.18","1.25","1.34","1.48","1.61","1.73","1.54","1.92""20","1.26","1.33","1.42","1.58","1.72","1.85","1.97","2.07""(21)","1.33","1.41","1.51","1.68","1.83","1.97","2.10","2.22""22","1.41","1.49","1.60","1.77","1.94","2.10","2.24","2.37""(23)","1.48","1.57","1.68","1.87","2.05","2.22","2.37","2.52""(24)","1.55","1.64","1.77","1.97","2.16","2.34","2.51","2.66","2.81","2.93""25","1.63","1.72","1.86","2.07","2.28","2.47","2.64","2.81","2.97","3.11""(27)","1.78","1.88","2.03","2.27","2.50","2.71","2.92","3.11","3.29","3.45""28","1.85","1.96","2.11","2.37","2.61","2.84","3.05","3.26","3.45","3.68""29","1.92","2.02","2.20","2.47","2.72","2.96","3.19","3.40","3.60","3.80","3.98""30","2.00","2.12","2.29","2.56","2.83","3.08","3.32","3.55","3.77","3.97","4.16","4.34""32","2.15","1.28","2.46","2.76","3.05","3.33","3.59","3.85","4.09","4.32","4.53","4.74""34","2.29","2.43","2.63","2.96","3.27","3.58","3.87","4.14","4.41","4.66","4.90","5.13""(35)","2.37","2.51","2.72","3.06","3.38","3.70","4.00","4.29","4.57","4.83","5.09","5.33""36","2.44","2.59","2.81","3.16","3.50","3.82","4.14","4.44","4.73","5.01","5.27","5.52""38","2.59","2.75","2.98","3.35","3.72","4.07","4.41","4.74","5.05","5.35","5.64","5.92","6.18","6.44""40","2.74","2.91","3.15","3.55","3.94","4.32","4.68","5.03","5.37","5.70","6.01","6.31","6.60","6.88""42","2.89","3.07","3.32","3.75","4.16","4.56","4.95","5.33","5.69","6.04","6.38","6.71","7.02","7.32""44.5","3.07","3.25","3.54","4.00","4.44","4.87","5.29","5.70","6.09","6.47","6.84","7.20","7.55","7.88""45","3.11","3.31","3.58","4.04","4.49","4.93","5.36","5.77","6.17","6.56","6.94","7.30","7.65","7.99","8.32","8.63""48","3.33","3.54","3.84","4.34","4.83","5.30","5.76","6.21","6.65","7.08","7.49","7.89","8.28","8.66","9.03","9.57""水,煤气输送钢管""1,水,煤气输送钢管规格,重量表[冶标(YB)234-63]""公称内径",,"钢 管 螺 纹",,"外径 (mm)","普通管",,"加厚管""mm","(in.)",,"壁厚 (mm)","理论重量 (不计管接头) (kg/m)","壁厚 (mm)","理论重量 (不计管接头) (kg/m)""6","1/8''","10","2","0.89","2.50","0.46""8","1/4''","13.5","2.25","0.62","2.75","0.73""10","3/8''","17","2.25","0.82","2.75","0.97""15","1/2''","21.25","2.75","1.25","3.25","1.44""20","3/4''","26.75","2.75","1.63","3.5","2.01""25","1''","33.5","3.25","2.42","4","2.91""32","1 1''/4","42.25","3.25","3.13","4","3.77""40","1 1''/2","48","3.5","3.84","4.25","4.58""50","2''","60","3.5","4.88","4.5","6.16""70","2 1''/2","75.5","3.75","6.64","4.5","7.88""80","3''","88.5","4","8.34","4.75","9.81""100","4''","114","4","10.85","5","13.44""125","5''","140","4.5","15.04","5.5","18.24""150","6''","165","4.5","17.81","5.5","21.63""注(1)表列钢管是适用于输送水,煤气及采暖系统等用的钢管.分镀锌和不镀锌(黑管)两种;又分带螺纹和"" 不带螺纹两种;按壁厚可分为普通钢管,加厚钢管和薄壁钢管."" (2)钢管的长度规定为:无螺纹的黑管4~12m;带螺纹的黑管和镀锌管4~9m.每批允许有10%的(按根数计算)"" 2~4m长的短尺钢管或4~9m米长的接管(即用一个管接头将两根钢管连接而成)."" (3)经供需双方协议,可供应定尺长度或倍尺长度的钢管.其最大长度可到8m.按倍尺交货的钢管,每个单"" 倍尺应留切口5~10mm."" (4)钢管用易焊接的软钢制造,钢号和制造方法(炉焊或电焊)均由制造厂选择."" (5)钢管应能承受下列规定压力的水压试验:普通钢管和薄壁钢管:20kg/cm2;加厚钢管30kg/cm2.""电丝套管""2,电丝套管规格,重量表""名称","外径 (mm)","近似内径 (mm)","管壁厚度 (mm)","重量 (kg/m)","每吨长度 (m/t)""5/8''","15.9","12.3","1.8","0.626","1597.44""3/4''","19.1","15.5","1.8","0.627","1302.08""1''","25.4","21.8","1.8","0.628","954.20""1 1''/4","31.8","28.2","1.8","0.629","750.75""1 1''/2","38.1","34.5","1.8","0.630","620.73""电焊钢管""电焊钢管规格,重量表[冶标(YB)242-68]""外径 (mm)","壁 厚 (mm)",0.5,0.6,0.8,"1.0","1.2","1.4","1.5","1.6","1.8","2.0","2.2","2.5","2.8","3.0","3.2","3.5","3.8","4.0",4.2,4.5,4.8,"5.0",5.5,"钢 管 的 理 论 重 量 (kg/m)""(5)","0.055","0.065","0.083","0.099""(6)","0.068","0.080","0.108","0.123""(7)","0.080","0.095","0.122","0.148""(8)","0.092","0.110","0.142","0.173","(0.202)""(9)","0.105","0.125","0.162","0.197","0.231""10","0.117","0.139","0.182","0.222","(0.261)""(11)","0.129","0.154","0.201","0.247","0.290""12","0.142","0.169","0.221","0.271","0.320","0.365","(0.388)","0.411""(13)",,"0.184","0.241","0.296","0.349","0.400","0.425","0.451""(14)",,"0.199","0.260","0.321","0.379","0.434","0.462","0.490""15",,"0.214","0.280","0.345","0.409","0.468","(0.499)","0.529""16",,"0.228","0.300","0.370","0.438","0.503","(0.536)","0.568""(17)",,"0.244","0.320","0.395","0.468","0.537","0.573","0.608""18",,"0.258","0.340","0.419","0.497","0..572","(0.610)","0.647","(0.717)","(0.789)""(19)",,"0.274","0.359","0.444","0.527","0

镀铝锌钢板

2017-06-06 17:50:03

镀铝锌钢板镀铝锌钢板是日常生活中经常应用到的一种重要的合金材料。镀铝锌钢板是铝锌合金结构组成,由55%铝、43%锌与2%硅在600℃高温下凝固而组成,其整个结构由铝-铁-硅-锌,形成致密的四元结晶体的一种合金。镀铝锌钢板发展沿革  1965年 伯利恒( BIEC International Inc)开发及注册专利   1972年 美国伯利恒钢铁 最初 商业生产   相关适用标准:ASTM A792/M ; JIS G3321; BS EN 10215-1995; GB/T 14978-2008镀铝锌钢板特性  镀铝锌钢板具有不少优良的特性:耐腐蚀性:  “镀铝锌钢卷”的耐腐蚀性主要是因为铝,铝的保护功能。当锌受到磨损时,铝便形成一层致密的氧化铝,阻止耐腐蚀性物质进一步的腐蚀内部。耐热性:  铝锌合金钢板具有良好的耐热性,可以承受300多摄食度的高温,与镀铝钢板的抗高温氧化性很类似,经常应用于   烟囱管,烤箱、照明器器和日光灯罩。热反射性:  镀铝锌钢板的热反射率很高,是镀锌钢板的两倍 ,人们经常用它来作隔热的材料。经济性:  因为55%AL-Zn的密度比Zn的密度小,所以在重量相同和镀金层厚度相同的情况下, 镀铝锌钢板比镀钢板的面积大3%以上。镀铝锌钢板的应用用途  建筑:屋顶、墙壁、车库、隔音墙、管道和组合式房屋等   汽车:消声器、排气管、雨刷附件、燃料箱、货车箱 等   家电:冰箱背板、煤气炉、空调机、电子微波炉、LCD边框、CRT防爆带、LED背光源、电气柜等   农用:猪舍、鸡舍、粮仓、温室用管道等   其它:断热保温盖、热交换器、干燥器、温水器等使用注意事项  保管:应该库房等室内保管,保持干燥通风,勿在酸性气候中久置。室外保管时需防止淋雨,避免结露造成氧化色斑产生。   运输:避免外部撞击,运输工具上需用SKID承托钢卷,减少堆垛,做好防雨措施。   加工:COILCENTER剪切加工时,需使用铝板相同润滑油。需钻孔或切割镀铝锌钢板时,需及时清除散落的铁屑。镀铝锌钢板常用后处理  DRY 干燥   OIL 涂油   Chromate 铬酸钝化   AFP/Galva clean 耐指纹   Non-Gr,Gr-free 无镉耐指纹        以上是镀铝锌钢板的介绍,更多信息请详见上海 有色金属 网。 

锰钢板价格

2017-06-06 17:49:52

锰钢板价格,价格行情相对比较稳定,小编带你先来了解一下锰钢的定义和用途。锰钢是一种高强度的钢材,主要用于需要承受冲击、挤压、物料磨损等恶劣工况条件。最重要的特点是在强烈的冲击、挤压条件下,表层迅速发生加工硬化现象,使其在心部仍保持奥氏体良好的韧性和塑性的同时硬化层具有良好的耐磨性能。这是其它材料所不及的。铸造耐磨钢和抗磨钢以奥氏体锰钢为主,在一定的条件下经适当热处理的低合金钢也有很好的效果,石墨钢则用于润滑摩擦的工况条件。  耐磨高锰钢特别适用于冲击磨料磨损和高应力碾碎磨料磨损工况,常用于制造球磨机衬板,锤式破碎机锤头,颚式破碎机颚板,圆锥破碎机轧臼壁、破碎壁,挖掘机斗齿、斗壁,铁道道岔,拖拉机和坦克的履带板等抗冲击、抗磨损的铸件。高锰钢还用于:防弹钢板,保险箱钢板等。焊缝金属含Mn、Cr、Ni等合金,焊缝金属无磁性。耐蚀性、强韧性极好、抗高温及加工硬化等特点。焊接工艺好,交直流两用。直流施焊为佳,可焊接各种合金钢如弹簧钢、高锰钢、42CrMo、38CrMoAl螺杆、铸钢齿轮及双相不锈钢(2205)等。还可用于异种钢焊接。焊前焊条200℃烘焙1h,焊接时宜小电流施焊.注意通风.65Mn钢具有较高的硬度,淬透性好,脱碳倾向少,价格低廉,切削性好等优点,但它有过热敏感性,易产生淬火裂纹,并有回火脆性,65Mn钢用途广泛,主要生产成钢丝,钢带、用于制造各种截面较少的扁,圆弹簧,板簧和弹簧片等。65Mn钢在汽车业,电子业,火车等交通运输工具用量很大。它可制造圆锯片,用以高速切削各类型钢,钢管和钢筋。该材料的用途:该钢可以冷轧成钢板、钢带和钢丝,制作弹簧。65Mn也可以制作成如钳工的凿子、划针等工具。65Mn钢可制作一般截面尺寸为8~15mm左右的小型弹簧如各种小尺寸扁、圆弹簧,底垫弹簧、弹簧发条,也适于制作弹簧环、气门簧、离合器簧片、刹车弹簧等。65Mnj是制作各种板弹簧,丝弹簧的材料之一,汽车、电车、火车等交通运输工具用量很大;在仪表、家具,乃至儿童玩具等制造中也得到广泛应用。更多关于锰钢板价格的信息和资讯,请访问本站锰频道!

钢结构施工方案

2019-03-18 10:05:23

一:开机前设备检查1.对机械滑动、旋转部件及减速器内加注润滑油。2.对滑动、旋转部位经手动检查,直至灵活、无卡阻现象。3.清扫工作上的一切杂物,并把工件上可能与压辊、导向辊相接触的焊缝打磨平整。4.检查电器、电缆等处是否正常。二:调整、空车运行1.首先要进行空车运行,观察各传动零件及部位的运行是否正常,有无卡阻、过热等异常现象。2.关闭主电机,根据被矫正型钢的翼缘宽度和厚度调整好上辊与传动辊构成的矫正孔形的位置,正确的操作程序是将型钢的头部伸入矫正孔并启动左右升降电机,根据型钢的变形量正确调整升降电机的位置。三:开车运行1.矫正孔形调整好后,启动主电机,传动辊运转,接着型钢进入矫正机进行翼缘矫正。2.设备在工作时,绝对不可启动升降电机。3.设备在工作时,若发生障碍,应立即停车并排除故障。4.设备在工作时,型钢出口一边不可站人。四:设备的维护及注意事项1.本机只能矫正翼缘的焊接弯曲变形,不能矫正腹板与翼板的垂直度和型钢的直线度。2.型钢在输出辊道上不可翻转及堆放。3.设备各运动部件应定期、定量加注规定使用的润滑油,摆线针轮减速器每半年换30#机械油一次。     LHA龙门式焊接机操作规程 1.工作前必须清理导轨面及其周围环境,不得有妨碍台车运行的杂物。2.定期调整各导向轮与其导轨间的间隙,使导向轮与导轨侧面紧密配合。3.定期清理焊剂回收装置筛网上的堵塞物,确保焊剂颗粒能够通过筛网。4.减速箱内及轴承座加注30#机械润滑油,每一年更换一次;齿条齿轮副用30#机械油润滑,班前加油工作,班后加油保护;各滚动轴承加注3#钙基润滑脂润滑,每一年更换一次。5.台车在空走时,注意焊臂应提升至与翻转支架不相碰的位置。6.焊接机在“调整”状态下(立柱不回转的),台车行走为连续动作,在“焊接”状态下,为点动作走,启弧后,台车能联动行走,否则应着重查修联动线路和转换开关。7.着重注意门架行走的调速控制器—变频器,若在行走过程中出现报警现象,应参阅随机的变频器使用说明书,察看相关的参数,额定电流,V/F特性曲线,转矩补偿等,并同时注意电源电压的波动范围,不应超过变频器的允许范围。8.日常检查:(1)运行性能符合标准范围。(2)周围环境符合要求(无雨水,无腐蚀性气体,否高温环境)(3)显示部件正常,(4)没有异常噪声、振动和气体。(5)没有过热或变况。9.定期检查:定期检查时,先停车运行,切断电源和打开控制装置门.(1)电源\电压在允许范围内.(2)清除变频器\控制板上的灰尘.(3)电缆线绝缘情况,如有损坏应立即停止使用并检修.(4)各种联接器部件,如有松动,紧固后方可使用.(5)控制线路及各电气元件,如有损坏器件并能影响动作或为日后故障隐患的须加以修复.      LHA龙门式焊接机操作规程 1.工作前必须清理导轨面及其周围环境,不得有妨碍台车运行的杂物。2.定期调整各导向轮与其导轨间的间隙,使导向轮与导轨侧面紧密配合。3.定期清理焊剂回收装置筛网上的堵塞物,确保焊剂颗粒能够通过筛网。4.减速箱内及轴承座加注30#机械润滑油,每一年更换一次;齿条齿轮副用30#机械油润滑,班前加油工作,班后加油保护;各滚动轴承加注3#钙基润滑脂润滑,每一年更换一次。5.台车在空走时,注意焊臂应提升至与翻转支架不相碰的位置。6.焊接机在“调整”状态下(立柱不回转的),台车行走为连续动作,在“焊接”状态下,为点动作走,启弧后,台车能联动行走,否则应着重查修联动线路和转换开关。7.着重注意门架行走的调速控制器—变频器,若在行走过程中出现报警现象,应参阅随机的变频器使用说明书,察看相关的参数,额定电流,V/F特性曲线,转矩补偿等,并同时注意电源电压的波动范围,不应超过变频器的允许范围。8.日常检查:(1)运行性能符合标准范围。(2)周围环境符合要求(无雨水,无腐蚀性气体,否高温环境)(3)显示部件正常,(4)没有异常噪声、振动和气体。(5)没有过热或变况。9.定期检查:定期检查时,先停车运行,切断电源和打开控制装置门.(1)电源\电压在允许范围内.(2)清除变频器\控制板上的灰尘.(3)电缆线绝缘情况,如有损坏应立即停止使用并检修.(4)各种联接器部件,如有松动,紧固后方可使用.(5)控制线路及各电气元件,如有损坏器件并能影响动作或为日后故障隐患的须加以修复.    Z15型组立机操作规程 1.工作前必须清理滚道平面,不得有妨碍H型钢行走的杂物.2.各减速箱内及轴承座加注30#机械润滑油,每年更换一次;各链轮\链条加注3#钙基润滑脂润滑,每年添加一次.3.泵站油箱中添加液压油N32号时,必须用120目过滤网进行过滤,换油时应将旧油放掉并且冲洗干净,更换周期一般为每年一次.4.H型钢在道轨上输送时,不能跑偏,以免撞击离合器,造成短路现象.5.检修辊道线路时,应注意离合器控制线应与相邻的辊道离合器控制线相一致,以防H型钢在辊道上短路其它线路.6.若辊道电机旋转而辊道不动,应着重检查直流24V的供电线路.7.注意维护接近开关或光电开关的接线和安装位置,否则会导致自动循环中断,严重的可导致可编程PLC内部供电异常等现象.8.操作盒上的按钮或各种电器输出动作对应着可编程PLC的每一个发光指示灯,维修时应先从PLC入手,参照电器图纸逐点排查.9.日常检查通电和运行时不打开控制箱,从外部检查设备的运行,确认没有异常情况.(1)运行性能符合标准规范.(2)周围环境符合要求(无雨水\无腐蚀性气体\否高温环境).(3)显示部件正常(4)没有异常的噪声振动和气体.(5)没有国若活变色等情况.10.定期检查   定期检查时,先停车运行,切断电源和打开控制装置门.(1)电源\电压在允许范围内.(2)清除变频器\控制板上的灰尘.(3)电缆线绝缘情况,如有损坏应立即停止使用并检修.(4)各种联接器部件,如有松动,紧固后方可使用.(5)控制线路及各电气元件,如有损坏器件并能影响动作或为日后故障隐患的须加以修复.              冲 床 操 作 规 程 1.离合器脱开后再开机电机。2.校正模具位置时禁止启动。3.防护装置拆除的情况下,禁止启动。4.操作中注意不要经常把脚放在踏板上,以免不慎踏动,引起事故。5.应注意加工材料的清洁,加工过程中应适时加润滑油。6.如发现滑块自由下落式有不规则的敲击声和噪音时,应立即停车检查。7.为确保安全,应避免将手伸进模口区。8.组织专人参照使用说明书负责本机床的日常保养。      空 压 机 操 作 规 程 1.应严格遵守机电设备的安全生产有关规定,固定式空压机应安装稳定,移动式空压机停妥后必须垫实(四轮悬空)。2.新的或经检修后的空压机,工作前应检查油路,水路是否畅通,连接部分有无松动,安全阀,压力表是否齐全良好,风管是否漏气等。确认正常后方可开机。3.开车前,应先开送风扇和给水阀,并且用手盘动数转后在连续运转,停车时应按高压刮低顺序放空,不得先从低压开始,并同时关闭风阀,以免回风引进事故。4.输气管未装好不准送风,打开送风阀前,应先通知工作地点,并经压力实验后,方可使用,(应工作压力的1.5倍)。安装输气管应避免急弯。5.禁止任何人员面对压缩机出口处工作,更不准以压缩机空气吹人,不准在储气管附近施焊或其它加热等。每班工作后必须打开放气阀,每月至少将罐内油质等物清洁一次,气罐外部应保持清洁,不得粘有污物。6.压力表,安全阀和调节器等应定期检验,保持灵敏有效,高压表工作压力不准超过额定值,运转时不准打开各种孔箱盖和进行检修工作。7.工作中发生各种不正常情况(如表值批示不正常、漏气、不正常声响、有火花等),应即停车检查,禁止用汽油、清洗压缩机部件,以免引进爆炸。8.空压机的气缸所用润滑油必须使用规定牌号的机油,油质要符合规定,拖运移动空压机时,时速不应超过20公里/小时,转弯时不得急转弯。9.停止工作时,应先降低气压至2公斤/MM2后,方可停车。                         直条火焰切割机操作规程 1.操作者必须经过培训,熟悉直条火焰切割的结构原理和工作原理。熟悉掌握操作规程和设备性能,方可上机操作。2.操作人员在开机切割时,首先必须要检查各部位件是否都能正常工作,电源电压是否达到要求,气路管道是否有漏气现象等。对所有连接管路、氧气表、表、调压阀及电源进行全面检查,确保无误后方可开机工作。如发现有异常现象,应立即停车检查并修复,决不能使设备“带病”工作。3.操作人员在下班时必须要关断全部电源和气路,并且放空机体管道中剩余的气体,以延长管路使用寿命。4.切割机工作时,氧气压力不得大于1MPa,压力不得大于0.1MPa。5.工作时请时刻注意切割火焰和冲孔火花,防止溅燃上气管和电线。6.高压氧不得与油脂等易燃物接触,以防油脂自燃。7.直条切割机必须由专人操作、专人保养,严防错误操作;设备使用的氧气表、表需一年校验一次,以确保安全生产。所有气管在正常使用条件下需一年更换一次。如条件恶劣,需适当减少更换周期。8.直条火焰切割机操作箱必须经常保持内外整洁,严防金属粉尘、酸性物质等污染物,以减少障碍的发生。9.直条火焰切割机的导轨、齿条、齿轮必须经常进行保养和润滑,保持表面整洁,减少不必要的磨损,延长部件使用寿命,提高工件加工质量。10.操作人员必须定期检查纵向、横向的限位开关,保证完好动作,严防事故发生。11.操作人员必须严格按照GB9448-1999国家标准进行安全作业。     钻 床 操 作 规 程 钻床操作过程中除应遵守机床安全通则外,还应注意以下几点:1.工作前,钻头要卡牢,工作时,工件要卡紧。2.钻深孔,铁屑不易退出时,应退出钻头,经清除后,在继续钻深。3.钻工件时,严禁操作人员将头部靠近旋转的钻头或镗杆。4.钻头未停止运转时,不准拿取或送进工作。5.停电或发生故障停车时,应及时将钻头退出工件。拉闸,工作完毕后将手柄放回零位,卸下钻头,断电拉闸,清除铁屑。6.工作时不准带手套操作。 一、H型钢、T型钢下料工艺守则1. 序言本规程适用于H型钢、T型钢翼缘板、腹板和异型件的下料。2. 下料前的准备工作2.1 仔细读懂生产任务单和工艺规范;2.2 对所下料的板材材质、表面质量尺寸公差进行复核。不符合标准,严禁使用;2.3 编制排料图或排料计划应符合如下规定: 2.3.1 需拼接的板材,其接口与端部的距离应大于600mm,且12000mm之间不得拼接两处; 2.3.2需拼接的板材,其接口不宜在拼接后的总长中心线左右1000mm范围内; 2.3.3 如图纸另有规定或征得用户同意,可按图纸和用户协议执行;  2.4 准备好下料的常用工具;  2.5 清理现场,使之宽敞通畅,有利于操作;  2.6 如有疑问,应及时和有关部门技术人员联系。3. 划线下料3.1 将板材平稳地吊到工作平台上,水平放置板底不得有杂物;3.2对由于板材自身重量有可能产生板材弯曲变形的,不能采用水平吊运,应采用多点均布夹持水平吊运;3.3 板材的放置应以不妨碍切割机大车行走,有利于割炬的配置,有利于操作,有利于排料为准;3.4 被切割的板材背面应有150mm的空间以便于切割气流的顺畅排出;3.5 板材的放置应与切割机大车运行轨迹平行,误差不得大于5mm;3.6 板材切割线左右15mm宽的范围内除去铁锈(严重锈蚀)油漆等污物;3.7 划线印记宽≤1mm,划线公差应为切割公差的1/2;3.8 为防止热影响变形,需要进行工艺割边处理,每侧割边宽度为10~25mm,板薄取小值,板厚取大值;3.9 划线尺寸应考虑割口量。腹板下料时还应考虑翼缘板厚公差和组对间隙对H型钢高度及公差的影响;腹板实际名义高度=H型钢名义高度+割口量-翼缘板实际尺寸;3.10 自动切割机割口量如下表:板   厚 6~10 12~16 18~25 60~40割口留量 1.5 2 2.5 3.03.11 如无特殊要求,长度尺寸应加上30~50mm的精整余量;3.12 气割完毕,应在标记栏内标明产品编号,如需对接的板材,还应在两块上同时标明产品编号,个人生产标记也应打在标记栏内;3.13 号料完毕,应该由第二者(也是下料工)进行复核,准确无误后转入下道工序。二、H型钢、T型钢自动气割工艺守则1. 序言1.1自动火焰直条切割是一种高质量、高效率的气割工艺,它的主要特点是集中供气、规模排料、自动气割;1.2 本守则规定了对气割工的基本要求,以及工作中必须遵守的基本规范。2. 自动气割技工2.1自动气割技工应首先是一名合格的气割技工,必须懂得气割的基本知识,掌握气割的基本技能。2.2 自动气割技工还应对集中供气系统(汇流排)的基本原理,管路的布置,各类阀体的构造和原理,安全供气的规范有基本的了解和掌握;2.3 自动气割技工还应对切割机的结构和性能,各类阀体的构造和原理有基本的了解和掌握;2.4 自动气割技工应对所使用的割炬的构造和原理有充分的了解。并掌握一定的维护和维修技能;2.5 自动气割技工还应充分掌握气割工艺参数,并对出现的各种缺陷作出正确的判断,迅速采取措施,予以消除的技能。2. 气割前的准备3.1 对下料工所确定的号料尺寸进行复核;3.2 对气割工艺的条件进行复核;(包括设备、器具的完好状况工艺环境等)3.3 依据划线和工艺规范调整割炬的最佳位置,割炬割嘴应与板材表面垂直,其不垂直度不大于板厚的4%,且不大于2mm;4. 工作程序和气割参数的选择4.1 根据板材厚度和参与切割的割炬数量确定氧气的供给量;    氧气消耗量(瓶)                   假定板长10米 4 8 12 166~10 2.6 5.3 8 1112~18 5 10 15 2020~28 6 12 18 /30~40 11 21 / /4.2 氧气纯度要大于99.5%,否则会影响切割效果,增加氧气消耗的20%4.3 参与氧气瓶内压力要大于2Mpa,否则影响切割效果;4.4 氧气供给的工作程序。 4.4.1 开启汇流排参与切割的氧气瓶内阀体,是各瓶氧气压力平衡; 4.4.2 开启支路管路阀体,观察氧气压力; 4.4.3 开启减压阀,调节输出管路的氧气压力1~1.5Mpa,随切割板材的厚度大小而选取适宜压力,板厚取大值,板薄取小值;4.4.4 准备备用汇流排,程序如4.4.1~4.4.3;4.4.5 两排交换时,应先开启备用汇流排,持续3分钟,再关闭备换汇流排,次序为关闭减压阀,关闭管路支阀,关闭氧气瓶阀体;4.4.6 开启各路阀体,检查管路有无堵塞和泄漏; 4.5 选择自动切割工艺参数,见表板  厚 切割氧压力 (mm) 氧气压力(Mpa) 切割速度(cm/min) 中兴焰焰心距 割嘴后倾  角6~12 0.8~1.1 0.35~0.4 45~60 3 20~30°14~20 1.0~1.3 0.4~0.45 40~50 4 10~20°22~30 1.2~1.5 0.45~0.5 35~45 5 0°32~40 1.5~1.8 0.5~0.6 25~35 6 0° 4.6 按选定的工艺参数对割嘴的号数,氧气压力,切割速度,割嘴后倾角,割嘴离工件距离,中兴焰焰心距的大小进行调整;4.7 把切割机大车运行至待切割板材端部,开启预热管线,对端部5mm处,进行预热;待加热900~1000℃(发白光)时,开启高压氧流,启动大车,进行切割;4.8 切割至划定尺寸,应立即关闭高压氧流,停止大车行走,关闭氧气和气体,把大车快速返回预定位置;4.9 对切割质量,根据切割工艺进行自检,合格后,进行清渣处理转入下一道切割;4.10 工作完毕后,应依次关闭大车氧气,气阀体,大车电气开关,车间氧气,气,汇流排氧气,气阀体,使所有的仪表指针归零;4.11 清理现场,清点各类工具,准确无误后,撤离工作场地。5、主要工艺参数 5.1 预热火焰能率:应能保证切割时,能迅速把钢板加热至燃点,并保证切割过程继续加热。主要依据为板厚,主要决定于割嘴的大小,见4.5;火焰能率太大,会使切口上缘产生连续状钢粒,甚至熔化成园角,并增加工件表面粘附的熔渣;5.2 压气压力:主要取决于板厚,见4.5;氧压太小,切割过程缓慢,再切口表面形成粘渣,甚至无法割穿。氧压太大,则使切口变宽,切口粗糙,浪费氧气;5.3 切割速度:速度适宜,火焰以接近垂直的方向喷向工件的底面,切口质量好。速度太慢,会使切口上缘熔化,切口变宽;  速度太快时,后拖量过大,甚至切割不透,参见4.5;5.4中兴焰焰心离工件表面距离:当工件厚度较大时,可适当增加,以免割嘴过热和喷溅的熔渣堵塞割嘴而引起割嘴而引起回火5.5 割嘴后倾角:在一般情况下,割嘴应垂直于工件表面。直线切割时,工件厚度小于20mm时,割嘴可向切割方向反向后倾角20~30°,这样可以减小后拖量,提高切割速度,数据见4.5;6、工艺参考6.1 预热火焰:我公司采用气火焰。特点为切割表面质量好,切割表面硬度低,切割板材变形小,使用方便、安全,便于保管。但点火困难,氧气消耗量大,预热时间长;6.2薄板切割:由于加热快,散热慢,容易引起切口边缘熔化,熔渣不易吹掉,切后变形较大。应采用小号割嘴,预热火焰要小,割嘴后倾角加大至30~40度,预热火焰焰心距板表面应适当加大,切割速度尽可能快些。7、特殊情况处理7.1 如发现生产计划、工艺规范,钢板尺寸或质量存在疑点,应迅速找有关人员处理;7.2 切割过程中,如出现不可消除的质量问题,应立即停止工作,找有关人员处理。 三、H型钢、T型钢组对工艺守则  1、序言     1.1本守则规定了对T型钢、H型钢组对技工和定位焊工的基本要求,以及工作中必须遵守的基本规范。  2、组对技工     2.1 组对技工应对所使用的设备和原理有基本的了解和掌握,也应对其附属设备有基本的掌握和了解,并能熟练地操作设备,也应对基本的焊接原理有所掌握;     2.2 组对技工应对基本的钢材知识有所掌握;应对基本的钢结构知识有所掌握,尤其对钢结构的英里分布和基本变形有所掌握。  3、定位技工     3.1 定位焊工应首先是一名合格的电焊技工,应对所使用的设备结构和性能有基本的掌握;      3.2 定位焊工应对焊接的基本原理。焊材的性能,使用和保管,焊接变形及缺陷的产生及消除等知识有充分的了解和掌握;     3.3 定位焊工应能根据产品、产品工艺熟练掌握以下操作技能:      3.3.1 合理地选择、使用、保管焊条,气保焊丝和保护气体;      3.3.2 合理地选择调节焊接规范;      3.3.3 根据对电弧区域,熔池区域观察,判断焊接过程是否平稳;4、组对前期准备     4.1 对组对的工艺条件进行复核(包括设备,各种工具的完好状况的工艺环境)     4.2 对上道工序转来的半成品板材进行相关之俩嘎复核,不符合组对条件的严禁进入生产线;     4.3 对上道工序转来的半成品板材,查验生产编号标记栏,进行分类正确放置,并对明显的疑点进行复核;      4.4 对半成品的板材严禁水平吊装;  5、型钢的组对     5.1 对半成品表面去曲度超差的板材进行校正后再进行组对,严禁超应力组对;     5.2 组对时,应注意对接的翼缘和腹板的相互位置,其翼缘板和腹板的对接焊缝相距应大于200mm。如图纸有特殊规定,按图纸规定执行;     5.3 组对前,应对连接表面及沿焊缝每边30~50mm范围内的铁锈毛刺和油污等进行彻底清除;     5.4 根据翼缘板的厚度,选择设备油压:翼缘板厚mm 10~16 16~25 25~40油压Mpa 3~4 4~5 5~6     5.5 待组对的翼缘板与定位夹棍应接触均匀,压力适宜;     5.6 翼缘板与腹板的组对间隙应符合工艺规范的规定。     5.7 组对时,应首先摆正组对件的位置,与纵向组对移动轨迹相平行,前后偏置不超过100mm;     5.8 认真调整各导与定位夹棍,使工件正确定位并能纵向移动自由,无阻碍,其最对尺寸和形位公差应符合工艺规范的要求;     5.9 进行T型钢组对时,上压辊应有相应的沟槽,进行H型钢最对时上压辊为平辊;     5.10 定位焊焊条应符合GB 5117J及GB5118的规定(除特殊要求外)气保焊丝应符合GB8110的规定;     5.11 点焊高度不应超过焊缝高度的2/3设计有坡口的组对点焊其点焊高度不应超过坡口的尺寸;     5.12 点焊距离以200~300为宜,偏差不超过20mm,并且两端必须点焊,点焊长度见下表:翼缘板厚mm ≤12 >12≤25 >25≤40点焊长度mm 20 25 30     5.13 定位焊条应严格按工艺要求起拱,生产用焊条应装在保温桶内随用随取;     5.14 焊条使用余长不应大于50mm;     5.15 工作时,严禁在焊缝区域以外的母材上引弧,在坡口内起弧的局部面积不得留下弧坑;     5.16 定位焊缝应熔焊牢固,表面光滑,无气孔、夹渣出现;     5.17 工件两端应焊引弧板、收弧板,其材质、尺寸、坡口形状,使用焊条牌号,焊接规范余组对焊相同。而且最对偏差应符合有关工艺规程的要求;     5.18 组对完毕,自检合格,在标记栏内作出操作者标记。将工件平稳吊到指定地点,以备检查,然后进入下一轮工作;     5.19 工作完毕关闭各设备的电气开关,清点工具,清理现场,然后撤离工作场地。  6、特殊情况处理     6.1 对有疑点的问题应及时找有关人员查询;     6.2 对组对工作中出现的不可消除的质量问题应立即停止工作,找有关人员处理。 1、要切实作好钢结构制作及安装单位的考察与选择工作 我们知道,钢结构工程的施工要经过工厂制作和现场安装两个阶段,这两个阶段可由一个施工单位完成,但有时也可能由两个单位分别完成(分包)。切实作好钢结构制作单位和安装单位的考察与选择工作,对于确保钢结构工程质量及进度,具有重要意义。钢结构制作、安装单位的考察内容主要有:企业资质,生产规模,技术人员数量、职称及履历,技术工人数量及资格证,机械设备情况,以及业绩情况等级。  2、严格审查承包单位提交的钢结构制作工艺及安装施工组织设计  施工组织设计是承包单位编制的指导工程施工全过程各项活动的重要综合性技术文件,认真审查施工组织设计是监理工作事前控制和主动控制的重要内容。钢结构工程要针对制作阶段和安装阶段分别编制制作工艺和安装施工组织设计,其中制作工艺内容应包括制作阶段各工序、各分项的质量标准、技术要求,以及为保证产品质量而制订的各项具体措施,如关键零件的加工方法,主要构件的工艺流程、工艺措施,所采用的加工设备、工艺装备等。  3、要充分重视制作阶段的监理工作  如前所述,钢结构工程均要经过工厂制作和现场安装两个阶段,而制作和安装一般是由钢结构工程公司下属的两个基层单位(制作车间和安装项目部)分别负责,有时还可能由制造厂和安装公司两个单位分别完成(分包)。监理工程师要充分重视制作阶段的监理工作,要象其他类型工程的监理工作一样,切实搞好事前控制和事中控制,对各工序、各分项都要做到检查认真而及时、严格而到位。要避免那种放松工厂制作过程的监理,仅靠构件完成后进场验收的错误工作方法。这一点在制作单位距工程所在地路程较远的情况下,尤其要注意。  4、安装阶段的监理  钢结构安装阶段的监理工作内容主要是监督承包单位内部管理体系和质保体系的运行情况,督促落实施工组织设计的各项技术、组织措施,严格按照国家现行钢结构有关规范、标准进行施工。钢结构安装阶段的监理工作应重点抓好以下几个环节:安装方案的合理性和落实情况、安装测量、高强度螺栓的连接、安装焊接质量、安装尺寸偏差的实测、涂装等。监理工作要加强现场巡视检查、平行检验和旁站监督,尤其是在目前部分钢结构施工单位素质偏低,施工仍欠规范的情况下,切实做好现场巡视和旁站,对于确保钢结构工程的施工质量,更有现实意义。  5、关于钢结构工程的试验检测工作  钢结构工程的制作及安装施工的多项试验检测工作是一般土建工程所没有的,这些试验检测项目主要有:钢材原材有关项目的检测(必要时),焊接工艺评定试验(必要时),焊缝无损检测(超声波、X射线、磁粉等)、高强度螺栓扭矩系数或预拉力试验、高强度螺栓连接面抗滑移系数检测、钢网架节点承载力试验、钢结构防火涂料性能试验等。作好这些试验、检测工作要注意以下几点:(1)要监督委托有相应资质的检测机构进行;(2)要坚持取样、送检的见证制度,要避免试件与工程不一致现象;(3)对于部分检测项目,具有相应资质的检测机构较少,路程较远,且费用较高,在这种情况下,监理工程师必须坚持原则,态度明确,立场坚定,及时督促承包单位落实这些工作,这是确保钢结构制作与安装质量及施工进度的必要措施,也是国家现行钢结构工程施工质量验收规范规定的“主控项目”。  6、钢结构工程其它几个重要质量控制点   6.l 地脚螺栓的预埋  地脚螺栓的预埋质量直接影响钢结构的安装质量,控制好地脚螺栓(群)的位置、垂直度、长度和标高,对于减少扩孔及调整工作量(甚至避免返工),提高结构安装质量具有重要意义。地脚螺栓的预埋方法可采用直接预埋法,也可采用预留孔法。基础砼浇筑前监理工程师必须严格检查预埋螺栓施工方法的合理性、可靠性,以及各项实测指标是否在规范规定范围内。  6.2 焊接工程质量控制  焊接工程是钢结构制作和安装工程最重要的分项之一,监理工程师必须从事前准备,施焊过程和成品检验各个环节,切实作好焊接工程的质量控制工作。目前,我市钢结构施工单位绝大部分都具备自动埋弧焊机,部分具备半自动气体保护焊机,仅在个别部位采用手工施焊。焊接质量问题较多存在于手工焊缝,这些问题有:焊瘤、夹渣、气孔、没焊透、咬边、错边、焊缝尺寸偏差大、不用引弧板、焊接变形不矫正、飞溅物清理不净等。鉴于这种情况,监理工程师必须做好以下各项工作:(l)检查焊接原材料出厂质量证明书;(2)检查焊工上岗证;(3)督促进行必要的焊接工艺试验;(4)施焊过程中加强巡视检查,监督落实各项技术措施;(5)严格进行焊缝质量外观检查和焊缝尺寸实测;(6)督促进行无损检测工作。  6.3 高强度螺栓连接工程  高强度螺栓连接工程也是钢结构工程最重要的分项之一,也是目前施工质量的薄弱环节之一,主要表现在:(l)高强度螺栓有以次充好现象,(用普通精制螺栓代替高强度螺栓);(2)高强度螺栓连接面处理达不到规范规定要求,包括表面处理情况,平整密贴情况,螺栓孔质量情况等;(3)高强度螺栓施拧不按规范规定进行,如不分初拧、终拧而一次完成,不用扭矩扳手、全凭主观估计等。为保证高强度螺栓连接工程的施工质量,监理工程师必须以高度的责任心,在督促承包单位提高质量意识、加强质量管理、落实质量保证措施的同时,积极采用旁站监督、平行检验等工作方法,只有这样才能使高强度螺栓连接工程的施工质量处于严格的控制之下。  6.4 钢结构除锈及涂装工程  钢结构的除锈和涂装是目前钢结构承包单位较易忽视的一项工作,也是钢结构工程施工的薄弱环节。这种现象不纠正,对钢结构的施工质量影响甚大,因为除锈和涂装质量的合格与否直接影响钢结构今后使用期间的维护费用,还影响钢结构工程的使用寿命、结构安全及发生火灾时的耐火时间(防火涂装)。造成这种现象的思想根源在于承包单位有关人员对涂装工作的重要性认识不足,再加上缺乏质量责任心,甚至惟利是图,最终导致涂装工程质量经常出现问题。故监理工程师必须对除锈和涂装工作给予高度重视,对各个工序进行严格的检查验收,这是确保钢结构涂装质量的基础和保障。  关于钢结构工程的涂装质量,应抓好以下工作:(l)对钢构件的除锈质量按照设计要求的等级进行严格的验收;(2)检查涂装原材料的出厂质量证明书,防火涂料还要检查消防部门的认可证明;(3)涂装前彻底清除构件表面的泥土、油污等杂物;(4)涂装施工应在无尘、干燥的环境中进行,且温度、湿度符合规范要求;(5)涂刷遍数及涂层厚度要符合设计要求;(6)对涂层损坏处要做细致处理,保证该处涂装质量;(7)认真检查涂层附着力;(8)严格进行外观检查验收,保证涂装质量符合规范及标准要求。   6.5 压型金属板工程  压型金属板工程主要为彩色钢板维护结构,是较新兴的建筑维护结构形式。目前,工程实际中出现的问题主要有:施工单位不制定彩板(夹芯板)施工方案,彩板接缝、板檩之间的连接、彩板配件制作安装等节点构造处理不细或不可靠,维护结构渗漏,彩板分项工程观感质量存在不平整、不顺直、不严密、变形、划伤、污染现象等。  针对以上情况,监理工程师在工作中要注意以下几点:(1)彩板(夹芯板)制作安装前一定要督促施工单位制定周密可靠的彩板工程施工方案,尤其是要制定详细的排板方案、建筑构造作法及质量保证措施;(2)制作、安装过程中要加强巡视检查、旁站监督和平行检验,使大部分质量问题消灭在施工前和施工过程中;(3)严格进行检验批及分项工程验收,要确保节点构造合理、可靠、无渗漏,观感平整、顺直、严密、颜色均匀一致、板面无划伤、无锈斑、无污染。以上为钢结构施工方案。

粉末涂装的施工要求

2019-02-28 11:46:07

(1)为使粉末涂装的特功能充沛发挥和延伸涂膜使用寿命, 被涂物表面首要严厉进行表面前处理   (2)喷涂时,被涂物须彻底接地,以添加粉末涂装的喷着功率。   (3)对有较大表面缺点的被涂物, 应涂刮导电腻子, 以确保涂膜的平坦和润滑感   (4)喷涂后物件物件需进行加热固化、固化条件以粉末产品技术指标为准 但有必要充沛确保其固化温度和时刻,防止固化缺乏形成质量事故。   (5)喷粉后当即查看, 若发现缺点应及时处理,若固化后发现缺点,其规模小仅部分而不影响,被涂物表面装修,可用同色粉末加稀释后进行修补,假如规模大又影响表面质量,则用砂纸打磨后,再喷涂一次或用脱漆剂去掉涂层,再从头唢粉。   (6)收回粉须经过挑选除掉杂物后,按必定份额与新粉混合效果。   (7)供粉桶、喷粉室及收回体系应防止其它不同色彩粉末的污染,故每次换色时必定要吹扫洁净。

不锈钢板规格

2019-03-18 08:36:58

不锈钢平板详细资料产品规格产品材质 价格产地供货0.4*1000*2000/1219*24383040Cr18Ni9304L00Cr18Ni93211Cr18Ni9Ti3160Cr17Ni14Mo2316L00Cr17Ni14Mo2310S0Cr25Ni20 商 议张 浦宝 新太 钢青 浦克虏伯芬 兰比利时南 非 不锈钢板规格0.5*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格0.6*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格0.7*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格0.8*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格0.9*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格1.0*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格1.2*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格1.5*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格2.0*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格2.5*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格3.0*1000*2000/1219*2438商 议不锈钢板规格以上规格可根据客户需求长度剪裁(特尺板)Cr板(不锈铁)现货供应不锈钢卷板详细资料规格 材质 价格 产 地 供货0.4*1000/1219*C 3040Cr18Ni9  304L00Cr18Ni9  3211Cr18Ni9Ti  3160Cr17Ni14Mo2  316L00Cr17Ni14Mo2  310S0Cr25Ni20 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格0.5*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格0.6*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格0.7*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格0.8*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格1.0*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格1.2*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格1.5*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格2.0*1000/1219*CO 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格2.5*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格3.0*1000/1219*C 商议 张浦/宝新/太钢 不锈钢板规格不锈钢中厚板详细资料304 (0Cr18Ni9)规格 产地 价格 规格 产地 价格3.0*1500*6000 台湾/韩国 商议 22*1500*6000 大庚 商议4.0*1500*6000 台湾/韩国 商议 25*1500*6000 大庚 商议5.0*1500*6000 台湾/韩国 商议 26*1500*6000 大庚 商议6.0*1500*6000 台湾/韩国 商议 28*1500*6000 大庚 商议8.0*1500*6000 韩国/大庚 商议 30*1500*6000 大庚/美国 商议10*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 32*1500*6000 大庚 商议12*1500*6000 大庚/美国 商议 35*1500*6000 大庚 商议14*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 40*1500*6000 台湾 商议16*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 45*1500*6000 台湾 商议18*1500/2000*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 50~60*1500*6000 台湾 商议20*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 60~80*1500*6000 台湾 商议304L (00Cr18Ni9)规 格 产 地 价格 规 格 产 地 价格3.0*1500*6000 芬兰 商议 22*1500*6000 台湾 商议4.0*1500*6000 芬兰/瑞典 商议 24*1500*6000 台湾 商议5~6*1500*6000 芬兰/瑞典 商议 25*1500*6000 台湾 商议8.0*1500*6000 芬兰/大庚 商议 28*1500*6000 台湾 商议10~12*1500*6000 大庚/瑞典 商议 30~35*1500*6000 台湾 商议14*1500*6000 大庚/台湾 商议 40~45*1500*6000 台湾 商议16~18*1500*6000 大庚/台湾 商议 50~60*1500*6000 台湾 商议20*1500*6000 大庚/台湾 商议 60~80*1500*6000 台湾 商议321 (1Cr18Ni9Ti)规格 产地 价格 规格 产地 价格3.0*1500*6000 芬兰/瑞典 商议 16*1500*6000 美国/大庚 商议4.0*1500*6000 芬兰/瑞典 商议 18~20*1500*6000 美国/大庚 商议5.0*1500*6000 芬兰/瑞典 商议 20~24*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议6.0*1500*6000 芬兰/大庚 商议 25~28*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议8.0*1500*6000 芬兰/大庚 商议 30~32*1500*6000 太钢 商议10*1500*6000/C 美国/大庚 商议 35~50*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议12*1500*6000/C 美国/大庚 商议 50~60*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议14*1500*6000 大庚/太钢 商议 60~80*1500*6000 太钢 商议316L(00Cr17Ni14Mo2)规 格产 地价格 规 格产 地价格3.0*1500*6000欧洲商议16*1500*6000南非/大庚商议4.0*1500*6000瑞典/韩国商议18*1500*6000南非/大庚商议5.0*1500*6000欧洲/韩国商议20~24*1500*6000南非/大庚商议6.0*1500*6000欧洲/韩国商议25~28*1500*6000南非商议8.0*1500*6000欧洲/大庚商议30~32*1500*6000南非商议10*1500*6000欧洲/大庚商议35~50*1500*6000南非/大庚商议12*1500*6000美国/大庚商议50~60*1500*6000南非商议14*1500*6000大庚/南非商议60~80*1500*6000南非商议310S(0Cr25Ni20)规 格 产 地 价格 规 格 产 地 价格3.0*1500*6000 欧洲 商议 16*1500*6000 南非/大庚 商议4.0*1500*6000 瑞典/韩国 商议 18*1500*6000 南非/大庚 商议5.0*1500*6000 欧洲/韩国 商议 20~24*1500*6000 南非/大庚 商议6.0*1500*6000 欧洲/韩国 商议 25~28*1500*6000 南非 商议8.0*1500*6000 欧洲/大庚 商议 30~32*1500*6000 南非 商议10*1500*6000 欧洲/大庚 商议 35~50*1500*6000 南非/大庚 商议12*1500*6000 美国/大庚 商议 50~60*1500*6000 南非 商议14*1500*6000 大庚/南非 商议 60~80*1500*6000 南非 商议不锈钢拉丝板详细资料产品规格 产品材质 价格 产地供货0.5*1000*2000/1219*24383040Cr18Ni9304L00Cr18Ni93211Cr18Ni9T3160Cr17Ni14Mo2316L00Cr17Ni14Mo2310S0Cr25Ni20 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.6*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.7*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.8*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.9*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.0*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.2*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.5*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格2.0*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格2.5*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格3.0*1000*2000/1219*2438 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.5*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.6*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.7*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.8*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格0.9*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.0*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.2*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格1.5*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格2.0*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格2.5*1219*3048 商 议 张浦/太钢/宝新 不锈钢板规格 不锈钢镜面(8k)板详细资料产品规格产品材质 产地 价格 供货0.5*1219*2438202(1Cr18mn8Ni5N) 304(0Cr18Ni9)   克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.6*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.7*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.8*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.9*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.0*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.2*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.5*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格2.0*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格2.5*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格3.0*1219*2438 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.5*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.6*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.7*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.8*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格0.9*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.0*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.2*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格1.5*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格2.0*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格2.5*1219*3048 克虏伯/太钢/宝新 商 议 不锈钢板规格不锈钢钢带详细资料产品规格产品材质 产地 价格 供货(0.10-2.5)×(9-250) 1Cr17Ni7 1Cr18Ni9 0Cr18Ni9 1Cr18Ni9Ti 00Cr17Ni14Mo2 上海 商议 不锈钢板规格(0.10-2.5)×(9-250) 上海 商议 不锈钢板规格(0.10-2.5)×(9-250) 上海 商议 不锈钢板规格(0.10-2.5)×(9-250) 上海 商议 不锈钢板规格(0.10-2.5)×(9-250) 上海 商议 不锈钢板规格不锈钢防滑板详细资料产品规格产品材质 价格 产地 供货2.0*1219*2438304 0Cr18Ni9321 1Cr18Ni9Ti316L 0Cr17Ni14Mo2   商 议 进口/国产 不锈钢板规格3.0*1219*2438 商 议 进口/国产 不锈钢板规格4.0*1219*2438 商 议 进口/国产 不锈钢板规格